PRECEDENTS FOR INTERNATIONAL ACTION
TO SAFEGUARD HUMAN RIGHTS
SINCE its establishment in I933, the German National Socialist Government has systematically persecuted a large body of its citizens and subjects. i. Hundreds of thousands of law‐ abiding and loyal individuals have been deprived of citizenship, of civil and political equality and of the means of earning a livelihood. Fully one hundred thousand persons have already sought relief in flight, and the increasing rigors of persecution must inevitably drive more and more victims to leave their homeland and seek refuge abroad.
Such persecution is not without precedent, although the pretended cause of persecution, difference of "racial" origin, appears novel. In former times, intolerance and oppression were visited upon those who differed in religious belief from the dominant element in the country, whereas today the fiction of religious equality is maintained in Germany. The effect, however, is the same. Men, women and children have been deprived of elementary human rights, humiliated and impoverished. Distinctions between racial and religious persecution are meaningless; for, as the American Government became aware in its controversy with Tsarist Russia, the two questions are inseparable. 2. It is immaterial whether religious belief or racial origin is advanced as the excuse for making____________________