THE TASK OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS
FOR more than a decade following the Paris Peace Settlement, the German Government, in keeping with its pledges, made a sincere attempt to assure equality to all inhabitants irrespective of race, language or religion. By word and deed it made manifest its conviction that wisdom and good government, as well as justice and humanity, required fair treatment to all. Germany insisted that the guarantee of the rights of minorities by the League of Nations and the assent given to the Assembly resolution of September 2Ist, I922i. imposed a duty upon all members of the League not only to observe a high standard of "justice and toleration" in dealing with their own minorities, but also to intercede whenever the stipulated guarantees were violated or ignored. Repeatedly the German representatives pointed an accusing finger at those states which ignored the spirit of the Minorities Treaties, and even at the League of Nations, when that body did not adopt the vigorous measures which Germany proposed for the protection of minorities. 2.
In I933, the accuser was itself brought to the bar of international justice. The National Socialist Government had violated the spirit and letter of the German pledge of I9I9, and of the Assembly resolution of I922. A large body of German citizens had been declared "non-Aryans," and on that pretext had been deprived of equal rights. Vast numbers of innocent men, women and children had been obliged to____________________