ADMINISTRATIVE MEASURES AND PARTY ACTIVITY
THE full picture of the straits to which the "non-Aryan" population of Germany has been reduced by legislative discrimination is not adequately portrayed merely by an analysis of the formal statutes enacted. The very organization of the Reich encourages legislation in the wider sense by administrative officials, both national and local, Party leaders, corporate Chambers and quasi-public bodies. As a result, it has been possible to apply the racial principle to the remotest nooks and crannies of German life.
Lacunae left in the laws, as well as daily applications of the statutes to specific instances not regulated thereby, are dealt with according to the discretion of administrative officials. The identification of Party with State, as well as the assumption of the functions of government by Party members rather than elected officers, gives to the orders and actions of National Socialist leaders a public legal character.1 The organization of each branch of economic and cultural activity into a corporate Chamber upon the fascist model makes it possible for these quasi-autonomous bodies to legislate within the sphere of jurisdiction left to them. In addition, every local society, business, or private organization is encouraged to carry on the process of Gleichschaltung (i.e. "co-ordination" and the removal of "non-Aryans") of its own accord, assured as it is of the wholehearted support of the Government in such a programme.
Furthermore, even many "non-Aryans" who, because they come within certain exceptions, are still in theory allowed to practise their occupations, 2 are in actual fact forced from their positions, and ruined in their professions and businesses by the governmentally encouraged boycott. This further and final