ABBAYE. See PRISONS.
ABONNEMENTS, lump sum payments by various corporate entities such as certain of the pays d' états, as well as some towns and cities and other corporate groups. See VINGTIEME.
ABOUKIR, BATTLE OF. See BATTLE OF ABOUKIR.
ACTES DES APOTRES, royalist newspaper, published from 2 November 1789 until October 1791. It was the work of fifteen to twenty writers, some of whom, such as F.-D. Montlosier and S. Clermont-Tonnerre, were constitutional monarchists while others, like A. Rivarol, F.-L. Suleau, and A.-B.-L.R. Mirabeau, were defenders of absolute monarchy. The founder was J.-G. Peltier who, although born in the Maine-et-Loire in 1760, had lived a long time on Santo Domingo.
The paper consisted of an introduction, written by Rivarol, which presented statements of doctrine. Satirical texts in prose or verse and songs formed the rest of the paper.
The aim of the journal was to inform the largest possible audience that the Revolution was the work of a group of troublemakers who wanted disorder and anarchy only to allow them to seize property and power. Its method was to ridicule the men and institutions of the Revolution, but the royal family was not always spared. As a satirical paper that advocated violence, the Actes des Apôtres had many imitators; the same tone marked a wide range of newspapers. The Actes enjoyed considerable success until the emigration of most of its contributors--and perhaps the cessation of royal subsidies--forced it to cease publication in the fall of 1791.
J.-P. Bertrand, "L' Ami du Roi de Royau, l' Ami du Roi de Montjoye, le Courrier extraordinaire de Duplais" (diplôme d' études sunpérieures, University of Paris, 1959); M. Pellet,