Because this study grew out of the research for my dissertation, I owe my primary appreciation to my advisor, George B. Tindall, and to Joel Williamson who worked with me for one year during Dr. Tindall's leave of absence. The encouragement and support of George Breathett at Bennett College and Calvin S. White at Alcorn State University made publication of this study possible. I am also very appreciative of the assistance I received from the staff members at the following institutions: Library of Congress, Congregational Library, Amistad Collection, Duke University, University of North Carolina, University of Alabama, Selma University, Atlanta University, Howard University, Alabama State University, Alabama A & M University, Alabama State Department of Archives and History, Brown University, Yale University, and Oberlin College.
Of the many individuals who helped me locate fugitive materials or who read and commented on parts of this study I must especially thank J. T. Alexander, G. Murray Branch, Raymond Gavin, Walter B. Weare, Stephen Channing, and the families of John W. Beverly and William Burns Paterson. My typist, Linda Awad, put far more time and care into preparing the final manuscript than any typist I have ever known. Finally, my wife, Ann, and my children, Robbie and Ann Marie, gave up much family time to enable me to finish this study. Ann's suggestions and support were always helpful throughout the preparation and many revisions of this study.