Subordination or Liberation? The Development and Conflicting Theories of Black Education in Nineteenth Century Alabama

By Robert G. Sherer | Go to book overview

Notes

Introduction
1
For a discussion of the lack of scholarly historical studies of black colleges and universities and a list of the names of the schools that have been studied, see Frederick Chambers , "Histories of Black Colleges and Universities", LVII, The Journal of Negro History ( July, 1972), 270-75.
2
Some of the best-known state studies would include Horace Mann Bond, Negro Education in. Alabama: A Study in Cotton and Steel ( Washington: Associated Publishers, 1939); Vernon Lane Wharton, The Negro in Mississippi, 1865-1890 ( Chapel Hill, The University of North Carolina Press, 1947); and George Brown Tindall, Soutb Carolina Negroes, 1877-1900 ( Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1966 [by arrangement with the University of South Carolina Press, 1952]).
3
Several recently published books do deal with developments within Alabama's black community. William Warren Rogers and Robert David Ward, August Reckoning: Jack Turner and Racism in Post-Civil War Alabama ( Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1973). Peter Kolchin, First Freedom: The Responses of Alabama's Blacks to Emancipation and Reconstruction ( Westport: Greenwood Press, 1972). Louis R. Harlan, Booker T. Washington: The Making of a Black Leader, 1856-1901 ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1972). Louis R. Harlan, ed., The Booker T. Washington Papers, Volumes I, II, and III ( Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1972, 1974).
4
Most of the "industrial" education offered in black schools in nineteenth century Alabama would be considered "vocational" training today. There was little or no "industrial" training in the sense of preparing students to work or to assume leadership roles in modern industries. This study uses the term, "industrial education," however, both for consistency and because most of the educational leaders in Alabama's black schools in the nineteenth century used the term, "industrial education," to refer to any nonacademic job-training offered in their schools.

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