Basic and Applied Memory Research: Practical Applications - Vol. 2

By Douglas J. Herrmann; Cathy McEvoy et al. | Go to book overview

homes or with elderly people, then by determining Type A/B behavior patterns it may be possible to predict which individuals will need more help in remembering to take medications, keep doctor's appointments, and so forth. This could be especially helpful to staff members in institutions that have a high ratio of clients/patients to caregivers. Parole officers and social workers could also benefit from knowing in advance which clients may need extra help in carrying out certain requirements, such as remembering to regularly report to counseling sessions. The present results suggest that to increase the likelihood that prospective memory tasks will be successfully completed, the tasks should be structured to be interpersonal in nature and so that they have clear personal relevance for the people expected to perform them; this is especially true for individuals with Type A personalities.


REFERENCES

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Einstein, G. O., & McDaniel, M. A. ( 1991, November). Aging and time versus event-based prospective memory. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, San Franciso, CA.

Fischer, R. E., & Juni, S. ( 1982). "The anal personality: Self-disclosure, negativism, self-esteem, and superego severity". Journal of Personality Assessment, 46, 50-58.

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Meacham, J. A. ( 1988). "Interpersonal relations and prospective remembering". In M. M. Gruneberg , P. E. Morris, & R. N. Sykes (Eds.), Practical aspects of memory: Current research and issues (Vol. 2, pp. 354-359). Chichester, England: Wiley.

Meacham, J. A., & Kushner, S. ( 1980). "Anxiety, prospective remembering, and performance of planned actions". Journal of General Psychology, 103, 203-209.

Meacham, J. A., & Leiman, B. ( 1975/1982). Remembering to perform future actions (Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Chicago, Sep­ tember 1975). In U. Neisser (Ed.), Memory observed: Remembering in natural contexts (pp. 327-336). San Francisco, CA: Freeman.

Searleman, A., & Gaydusek, K. A. ( 1989, November). Relationship between prospective memory ability and selective personality variables. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Atlanta, GA.

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