Basic and Applied Memory Research: Practical Applications - Vol. 2

By Douglas J. Herrmann; Cathy McEvoy et al. | Go to book overview

questions, including the accuracy of eyewitness reports, and cognitive factors contributing to anxiety states. Because both of these research areas have been well developed (albeit independently), the time seems ripe to look for ways to integrate them. Such integration might throw light on a number of otherwise puzzling questions, such as why traumatic events are sometimes recalled too well, to the extent of causing intrusive thoughts and flashback images, but are sometimes poorly recalled or may even be inaccessible. Real-life traumas involve highly emotional events, but also individuals who vary in their emotional reaction to those events, and in their habitual encoding styles. The answer to such puzzling questions may require us to consider all of these factors together.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

I am grateful to Dan Reisberg and Friderike Heuer for their helpful comments on an earlier version of this chapter.


REFERENCES

Bower, G. H., & Mayer, J. D. ( 1989). "In search of mood-dependent retrieval". Journal of Social Behaviour and Personality, 4, 121-156.

Bradley, B. P., & Mathews, A. ( 1983). "Negative self-schemata in clinical depression". British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 22, 173-181.

Bradley, B., Mogg, K., Galbraith, M., & Perrett, A. ( 1993). "Negative recall bias and neuroticism: State vs. trait effects". Behavioural Research and Therapy, 31, 125-127.

Burke, A., Heuer, F., & Reisberg, D. ( 1992). "Remembering emotional events". Memory & Cognition, 20, 277-290.

Christianson, S.-A. ( 1992). "Emotional stress and eyewitness memory: A critical review". Psychological Bulletin, 112, 284-309.

Christianson, S.-A. ( 1994, August). Emotional stress and memory: Critical factors. Paper presented at the Third Practical Aspects of Memory Conference, College Park, MD.

Christianson, S.-A., & Loftus, E. F. ( 1991). "Remembering emotional events: The fate of detailed information". Cognition and Emotion, 5, 81-108.

Ellis, H. C., & Ashbrook, P. W. ( 1988). "Resource-allocation model of the effects of depressed mood states on memory". In K. Fiedler & J. Forgas (Eds.), Affect, cognition & social behavior (pp. 25-43). Gottingen, Germany: Hogrefe.

Eysenck, M. W., & Calvo, M. G. ( 1992). "Anxiety and performance: The processing efficiency theory". Cognition and Emotion, 6, 409-434.

Eysenck, M. W., & Mogg, K. ( 1992). "Clinical anxiety, trait anxiety, and memory bias". In S.-A. Christianson (Ed.), The handbook of emotion and memory: Research and theory (pp. 429- 450). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hertel, P. T., & Hardin, T. S. ( 1990). "Remembering with and without awareness in a depressed mood: Evidence for deficits in initiative". Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 119, 45-59.

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