Basic and Applied Memory Research: Practical Applications - Vol. 2

By Douglas J. Herrmann; Cathy McEvoy et al. | Go to book overview

asked to indicate a preference for one of five training formats (i.e., textbook, audiotape, video, lecture, or specialist), the most popular choice was "video," with 39% of the subjects favoring this format. Based on these latter two findings, it appears that an interactive video format is most attractive.

The posttraining interview also yielded several noteworthy results that support further development of CD-i memory training programs. In brief, subjects expressed that they enjoyed working with the program, that learning with it was easy, that it took little time to feel comfortable with the program, and that they would like to use the program again. The subjects also indicated that the information was presented clearly and that sufficient information was presented to learn the strategy. In fact, a follow-up phone survey in which 22 of the 24 subjects were contacted between 3 and 4 weeks after pilot testing revealed that 20 of the subjects (91%) were able to reiterate the basic components of the name-face mnemonic strategy.

In summary, the work we have completed to date supports the viability of CD-i technology as an effective, enjoyable, and interactive mode of memory training. Thus, it holds great promise as an alternative medium for skill development not only for elderly adults but for other age groups as well.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We thank Jacqueline Levasseur, Mark Mann, and Patricia Staughton for assisting in data collection, and Paula Hertel for providing feedback on an earlier draft of this chapter. We also thank Bob Rager of Compact Disc Inc. for use of the CD-i program entitled, "THE MEMORY WORKS," and one of the CD-i players used in our research. We also wish to express our gratitude to Dr. Richard Manse and the participants in the Senior Adult Program at Prince George's Community College, Largo, MD. The research reported here was supported in part by the Graduate Research Board of the University of Maryland, College Park.


REFERENCES

Anschutz, L., Camp, D. J., Markley, R. P., & Kramer, J. J. ( 1985). "Maintenance and generalization of mnemonics for grocery shopping by older adults". Experimental Aging Research, 11, 157-160.

Anschutz, L., Camp, D. J., Markley, R. P., & Kramer, J. J. ( 1987). "Remembering mnemonics: A 3-year follow-up on the effects of mnemonics training in elderly adults". Experimental Aging Research, 13, 141-143.

Backman, L. ( 1989). "Varieties of memory compensation by older adults in episodic remembering". In L. W. Poon, D. C. Rubin, & B. A. Wilson (Eds.), Everyday cognition in adulthood and late life (pp. 509-544). New York: Cambridge University Press.

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