Linguistic Change in French

By Rebecca Posner | Go to book overview

4
Lexical Change

4.1. LEXICAL CHANGE

For most speakers of a language the most obvious linguistic changes are of words and their meanings. The word -- in the sense of lexical free form -- is the linguistic unit of which the speaker is most conscious. It is usually seen as a discrete entity, representing a concept, a distinct meaning. Thus the entry or exit of a word from contemporary usage, or a shift in lexical meaning, is salient for the language user. Yet these are the changes which usually occupy least space in general works about the theory of linguistic change. Admittedly quite a deal of attention is paid to borrowing, in the context of language contact. But, on the whole, discussion of change in the lexicon soon descends to citation of individual examples and a general picture of how a lexicon changes rarely emerges.

This is partly because it is rather difficult to delimit the lexicon of a language. Can we, for instance, distinguish the individual's vocabulary from the word-stock available for the whole community? Is this latter merely the sum of all vocabularies? We all know that every day we hear previously unknown words, and we may find it hard to judge whether they are indeed part of our own language. Nowadays we rush to the dictionary to confirm our intuitions: word-games like Scrabble or crosswords require recourse to a dictionary to establish an authoritative verdict.

If we are unsure about the scope of the lexicon at any one time, how can we trace its change over time? Even when we pass judgement on a word in an old text as 'no longer in use' we risk revealing our ignorance, for it may well be that indeed the word figures in a dialectal or technical vocabulary with which we are not conversant. Similarly we cannot be sure that because we have not encountered a word in an old text, that that word was not in use at the time the text was written. Indeed, computer scanning of old texts

-143-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Linguistic Change in French
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xi
  • List of Tables xvi
  • List of Figures xviii
  • Conventions and Abbreviations xix
  • Introduction 1
  • Further Reading 8
  • Part I: Language Change 9
  • 1 - Defining the Domain 11
  • Further Reading 55
  • 2 - Sociolinguistic History of French 57
  • Part Ii: Linguistic Change 103
  • 3 - Processes of Linguistic Change 105
  • Further Reading 142
  • 4 - Lexical Change 143
  • 5 - Semantic Change 185
  • Further Reading 214
  • 6 - Phonological Change 216
  • Further Reading 292
  • 7 - Morphological Change 294
  • Further Reading 343
  • 8 - Syntactic Change 344
  • Further Reading 416
  • In Place of a Conclusion 419
  • Bibliography 425
  • Name Index 489
  • Subject Index 499
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 509

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.