Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

By David Ewen | Go to book overview
dict of physicians. For a full year, he ensconced himself in a remote hiding- place where he studied pathology. After a year of work in skin diseases, he traveled to his uncle in Switzerland, a physician, and told him what he suspected to be the cause of his malady. Together they worked upon the disease until Bloch was completely cured. Bloch is almost brutally frank. He will unequivocally tell you what he thinks of you, even tho you are only a most casual acquaintance; and he is equally candid where music is concerned. It is for this reason that his friends are few and far between; but these love him devotedly for his unaffected simplicity, his warm heart, and his genius.In his musical preferences, Bloch is decidedly a reactionary. His opinion of most modern composers is blistering. "Many of them do not know how to write a simple fugue," he will say, in discussing their supposedly complex creations. His preferences are rooted deeply in the classical literature of music; and all the masters are his favorite composers.Principal works by Ernest Bloch:
ORCHESTRA: Concerto Grosso; Symphony in C-sharp Minor; Hiver-Printemps; Trois Poèmes Juifs; Two Psalms; Schelomo (for 'cello and orchestra); Israel Sytmphony; Suite (for viola and orchestra); Poems of the Sea; America Symphony; Helvetia.
VOCAL AND DRAMATIC: Macbeth; Poèmes d'Automne; Two Psalms (for soprano); Sacred Service.
CHAMBER MUSIC: String Quartet in B- Minor; Quartet Pieces; Quintet; Three Nocturnes; Méditation Hébraïque; Viola Suite; Violin Sonata; Baal-Shem Suite.
Compositions for piano.

About Ernest Bloch:

Ewen David. Hebrew Music; Rosenfeld Paul . Musical Portraits; Tibaldi-Chiesa M. Ernest Bloch.

Modern Music 5:3November-December 1927; Monthly Musical Record 64:25February 1934; Musical Quarterly 7:20January 1921; Musical Record 1:425May 1934.

Important recordings of music by Ernest Bloch:

VICTOR: Concerto Grosso; Piano Quintet (Pro-Arte-Casella).

COLUMBIA: Nigun (Szigeti).


Rutland Boughton 1878-

"I believe that Boughton's work will eventually be recognized as one of the most remarkable achievements in the story of music. . . . We have musicians of genius amongst us . . . but so far as I know we have no one save Boughton who adds further that much rarer gift, a constructive sense of the theatre, with all that this implies."--CHARLES KENNEDY SCOTT

RUTLAND BOUGHTON was born in Aylesbury, England, on January 23, 1878. Altho he dabbled with music from early childhood, his musical career did not begin seriously until 1900, when he entered the Royal College of Music, becoming a student of Stanford and Walford Davies in composition and counterpoint respectively. After one year of college discipline, he decided to abandon it in order to devote all of his time to composition; his musical schooling, therefore, has been amazingly limited. Yet such early works of his as the Chilterns, a symphonic-poem which was performed under Allen Gill at Hotel Cecil ( December 31, 1901), the Imperial Elegy commemorating the death of Queen Victoria, introduced by Sir Henry J. Wood at Queen's Hall in 1902, and A Summer's Night first performed that same year at a Halford concert at Birmingham, reveal none of those yawning technical gaps which generally characterize the works of composers who have been, for the most part, autodidactic.

For a long while, Boughton supported himself while composing by playing in the orchestra of the Haymarket Theatre, London. These were years of want and misery, heightened by the pain of playing music of a sordid quality each evening. Granville Bantock, the composer, soon rescued Boughton from this agonizing routine, by procuring for him a teaching position at the Midland Institute of Music in Birmingham. Here Boughton remained until 1911, and the security and artistic satisfaction of his new position inspired an unprecedented fertility in every field of musical composition. These works, abounding with unique vitality and spirit, first suggested that he was a composer of importance. "The Choral Variations," commented Herbert Antcliffe, concerning the works

____________________
Boughton: Bo + o + ̄tŭn

-29-

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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Books of the Same Author ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Key to Pronunciations xiv
  • Joseph Achron 1886- 1
  • George Antheil 1900- 3
  • Kurt Atterberg 1887- 4
  • Louis Aubert 1877- 6
  • Georges Auric 1899- 7
  • Granville Bantock 1868- 8
  • Béla Bartók 1881- 10
  • Arnold Bax 1883- 15
  • Robert Russell Bennett 1894- 16
  • Lord Berners 1883. 20
  • Julius Bittner 1874- 22
  • Arthur Bliss 1891- 23
  • Marc Blitzstein 1905- 24
  • Ernest Bloch 1880- 25
  • Rutland Boughton 1878- 26
  • Walter Braunfels 1882- 29
  • Frank Bridge 1879- 31
  • Alfred Bruneau 1857-1934 32
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman 1881- 35
  • Alfredo Casella 1883- 36
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco 1895- 38
  • Juan José Castro 1895- 40
  • Gustave Charpentier 1860. 41
  • Frederick Shepherd Converse 1871- 46
  • Henry Cowell 1897- 49
  • Sir Frederic H. Cowen 1852- 51
  • Sir Walford Davies 1869- 53
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 55
  • Frederick Delius 1863-1934 56
  • Ernst Von Dohnányi 1877. 60
  • Arcady Dubensky 1890- 62
  • Paul Dukas 1865- 64
  • Paul Dupin 1865- 67
  • Georges Enesco 1881- 68
  • Manuel De Falla .1876- 70
  • Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924 72
  • Henri Gagnebin 1886- 79
  • Philippe Gaubert 1879- 80
  • George Gershwin 1898- 80
  • Umberto Giordano 1867- 82
  • Alexander Glazunov 1865- 84
  • Reinhold Glière 1874- 86
  • Michael Gniessin 1883- 90
  • Paul Graener 1872- 91
  • Percy Grainger 1882- 93
  • Alexander Gretchaninoff 1864- 94
  • Louis Gruenberg 1883- 96
  • Alois Hába 1893- 98
  • Henry Hadley 1871- 99
  • Reynaldo Hahn 1874- 101
  • Howard Hanson 1896- 103
  • Sandor Harmati 1892- 104
  • Roy Harris 1898- 106
  • Edward Burlingame Hill 1872- 110
  • Paul Hindemith 1895- 112
  • Gustav Holst 1874-1934 115
  • Arthur Honegger 1892- 117
  • Herbert Howells 1892- 119
  • Jacques Ibert 1890- 120
  • Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931 122
  • Michael Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859- 123
  • John Ireland 1879- 125
  • Frederick Jacobi 1891- 128
  • Leoš Janáček 1854-1928 130
  • Werner Janssen 1900- 131
  • Joseph Jongen 1873. 133
  • Werner Josten 1888- 134
  • Paul Juon 1872- 135
  • Heinrich Kaminski 1886- 136
  • Wilhelm Kienzl 1857- 139
  • Lyof Knipper 1898- 140
  • Zoltan Kodály 1882- 141
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897- 142
  • A. Walter Kramer 1890- 147
  • Alexander Kreyn 1883- 148
  • Ladislas Lajtha 1892- 151
  • Constant Lambert 1905- 151
  • Charles Martin Loeffler 1861- 152
  • Nikolai Lopatnikoff 1903- 153
  • Igor Markevitch 1912- 157
  • Frank Martin 1890- 159
  • Bohuslav Martinu 1890- 161
  • Joseph Marx 1882- 162
  • Pietro Mascagni 1863- 164
  • Daniel Gregory Mason 1873- 165
  • Nikolai Medtner 1880- 167
  • Nikolai Miaskovsky 1881- 168
  • Georges Migot 1891- 170
  • Darius Milhaud 1892- 171
  • Italo Montemezzi 1875- 175
  • Harold Morris 1890- 176
  • Alexander Mossolov 1900- 177
  • Leo Ornstein 1895- 179
  • Ignace Jan Paderewski 1860- 181
  • Hans Pfitzner 1869- 185
  • Willem Pijper 1894- 189
  • Paul Pisk 1893- 191
  • Walter Piston 1894- 192
  • Ildebrando Pizzetti 1880- 193
  • Francis Poulenc 1899- 194
  • John Powell 1882- 196
  • Serge Prokofieff 1891- 198
  • Henri Rabaud 1873- 199
  • Serge Rachmaninoff 1873- 201
  • Maurice Ravel 1875- 205
  • Rhené-Baton 1879- 210
  • Wallingford Riegger 1885. 212
  • Vittorio Rieti 1898- 213
  • Roger-Ducasse 1875- 215
  • Dane Rudhyar 1895- 218
  • Carl Ruggles 1876- 220
  • Victor De Sabata 1892- 221
  • Lazare Saminsky 1882- 224
  • Ernest Schelling 1876- 226
  • Joseph Schillinger 1895- 228
  • Max Von Schillings 1868-1933 230
  • Florent Schmitt 1870. 232
  • Arnold Schönberg 1874- 234
  • Cyril Scott 1879- 238
  • Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915 240
  • Bernhard Sekles 1872- 242
  • Roger Sessions 1896- 245
  • Dmitri Shostakowitch 1906- 246
  • Christian Sinding 249
  • Leone Sinigaglia 1868- 252
  • David Stanley Smith 1877­ 253
  • Leo Sowerby 1895- 255
  • William Grant Still 1895- 256
  • Albert Stoessel 1894- 258
  • Richard Strauss 1864- 259
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882- 260
  • Edwin J. Stringham 1890- 268
  • Alexander Tansman 1897- 270
  • Deems Taylor 1885- 271
  • Alexander Tcherepnine 1899- 273
  • Nikolai Tcherepnine 1873- 275
  • Virgil Thomson 1896- 276
  • Ernest Toch 1887- 278
  • Vincenzo Tommasini 1880- 279
  • Joaquin Turina 1882. 281
  • Edgar Varèse 1885- 283
  • Ralph Vaughan-Williams 1872- 284
  • Hector Villa-Lobos 1886- 286
  • H. Waldo-Warner 1874- 288
  • William Walton 1902- 290
  • Anton Webern 1883- 291
  • Kurt Weill 1900- 292
  • Jaromir Weinberger 1896- 295
  • Leo Weiner 1885- 296
  • Adolph Weiss 1891- 298
  • Egon Wellesz 1885- 300
  • Alexander Weprik .1899- 301
  • Riccardo Zandonai 1883- 305
  • Bibliography of Modern Music 309
  • Index 313
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