Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

By David Ewen | Go to book overview
of the criminal is choked with a poignant cry. And the body is left to rot in a hole.

'And there till Christ calls
forth the dead,
In silence let him lie,
. . .
The man had killed the thing he
loved,
And so he had to die.'"

The Ballad of Reading Gaol brought Ibert distinction and recognition, but it is primarily for his ballets and piano pieces that he has attained the important position he now holds in modern French music. Here, a remarkably individual style asserts itself--a style in which a malicious, often sardonic, humor rears its head. Here a new type of expressiveness and musical effectiveness is reached, which seems to be the product of Ibert's pen alone. Finally, we find here a style often brilliant, often touched with soft shades of beauty, but always enormously powerful and effective."In whatever Jacques Ibert presents to his hearers," writes André George, "there is clarity and good quality, an impression of work well done. . . . There is always about his music, as about his person, an air of good fellowship and delicate amiability that shows the artist of breeding. He pleases without trifling. Generously gifted as he is in many directions, his musical temperament expands with singular felicity in the orchestra where he revels in the subtlest management of exquisite sound values. . . . His music is always found to reflect his apt sense of color and his gift for contriving these iridescent effects which are so striking a feature of his work."Principal works by Jacques Ibert:
ORCHESTRA: Ballad of Reading Gaol; Les Escales; Concerto for Flute and Orchestra; Noël en Picardie; Féerique; Concerto for Violoncello.
BALLET: Les Rencontres; Angélique; Diane de Poitiers.
CHORAL: Chant de Folie; Le Poête et la Fée.
CHAMBER MUSIC: T wo Movements for Wind Quartet; Sonata for Flute and Piano; Sonata for Violin and Piano.
OPERA: Angélique.
Pieces for piano, etc.

About Jacques Ibert:

Chesterian 8:73December 1926; Revue Musicale 10:8July 1929.

Important recordings of music by Jacques Ibert:

COLUMBIA: Les Escales (Staram).

HIS MASTER'S VOICE: Histoires; Four Songs from Don Quichotte.

VICTOR: Le Petit Ane Blanc (Moiseiwitsch).


Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931

PAUL MARIE THÉODORE VINCENT D'INDY, who was one of the undisputed masters of modern French music, was born in Paris on March 27, 1851. His father wished him to become a lawyer and, altho Vincent yielded to his wish by undertaking legal studies, he also satisfied his own deep cravings by studying harmony and composition under Lavignac during leisure hours. The Franco-Prussian War interrupted his studies, and D'Indy served as a volunteer in the 105th Regiment, taking active part in the defense of Paris, notably in the battle of Montretout. The war over, D'Indy returned to Paris determined to give up all thoughts of law, which he detested. Against the wishes and commands of his parents, he became a professional musician. He entered the orchestra of the Association Artistique des Concerts du Châtelet, which was conducted by Colonne, as kettledrummer, and in a short while he rose to the position of chorusmaster, which he held with prestige for five years.

1872 was an important year in the life of Vincent D'Indy. In that year he was introduced to César Franck, the great composer, who at the time was professor of the organ at the Conservatory. Somewhat diffidently, D'Indy showed Franck a quartet he had composed, and Franck was so enthusiastic over its inherent talent that he urged the young man to enter the Conservatory and complete his studies. The method of instruction meted out at the Conservatory soon proved to be so irritating to young D'Indy, that he decided he could remain there no longer. He urged

-123-

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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Books of the Same Author ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Key to Pronunciations xiv
  • Joseph Achron 1886- 1
  • George Antheil 1900- 3
  • Kurt Atterberg 1887- 4
  • Louis Aubert 1877- 6
  • Georges Auric 1899- 7
  • Granville Bantock 1868- 8
  • Béla Bartók 1881- 10
  • Arnold Bax 1883- 15
  • Robert Russell Bennett 1894- 16
  • Lord Berners 1883. 20
  • Julius Bittner 1874- 22
  • Arthur Bliss 1891- 23
  • Marc Blitzstein 1905- 24
  • Ernest Bloch 1880- 25
  • Rutland Boughton 1878- 26
  • Walter Braunfels 1882- 29
  • Frank Bridge 1879- 31
  • Alfred Bruneau 1857-1934 32
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman 1881- 35
  • Alfredo Casella 1883- 36
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco 1895- 38
  • Juan José Castro 1895- 40
  • Gustave Charpentier 1860. 41
  • Frederick Shepherd Converse 1871- 46
  • Henry Cowell 1897- 49
  • Sir Frederic H. Cowen 1852- 51
  • Sir Walford Davies 1869- 53
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 55
  • Frederick Delius 1863-1934 56
  • Ernst Von Dohnányi 1877. 60
  • Arcady Dubensky 1890- 62
  • Paul Dukas 1865- 64
  • Paul Dupin 1865- 67
  • Georges Enesco 1881- 68
  • Manuel De Falla .1876- 70
  • Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924 72
  • Henri Gagnebin 1886- 79
  • Philippe Gaubert 1879- 80
  • George Gershwin 1898- 80
  • Umberto Giordano 1867- 82
  • Alexander Glazunov 1865- 84
  • Reinhold Glière 1874- 86
  • Michael Gniessin 1883- 90
  • Paul Graener 1872- 91
  • Percy Grainger 1882- 93
  • Alexander Gretchaninoff 1864- 94
  • Louis Gruenberg 1883- 96
  • Alois Hába 1893- 98
  • Henry Hadley 1871- 99
  • Reynaldo Hahn 1874- 101
  • Howard Hanson 1896- 103
  • Sandor Harmati 1892- 104
  • Roy Harris 1898- 106
  • Edward Burlingame Hill 1872- 110
  • Paul Hindemith 1895- 112
  • Gustav Holst 1874-1934 115
  • Arthur Honegger 1892- 117
  • Herbert Howells 1892- 119
  • Jacques Ibert 1890- 120
  • Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931 122
  • Michael Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859- 123
  • John Ireland 1879- 125
  • Frederick Jacobi 1891- 128
  • Leoš Janáček 1854-1928 130
  • Werner Janssen 1900- 131
  • Joseph Jongen 1873. 133
  • Werner Josten 1888- 134
  • Paul Juon 1872- 135
  • Heinrich Kaminski 1886- 136
  • Wilhelm Kienzl 1857- 139
  • Lyof Knipper 1898- 140
  • Zoltan Kodály 1882- 141
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897- 142
  • A. Walter Kramer 1890- 147
  • Alexander Kreyn 1883- 148
  • Ladislas Lajtha 1892- 151
  • Constant Lambert 1905- 151
  • Charles Martin Loeffler 1861- 152
  • Nikolai Lopatnikoff 1903- 153
  • Igor Markevitch 1912- 157
  • Frank Martin 1890- 159
  • Bohuslav Martinu 1890- 161
  • Joseph Marx 1882- 162
  • Pietro Mascagni 1863- 164
  • Daniel Gregory Mason 1873- 165
  • Nikolai Medtner 1880- 167
  • Nikolai Miaskovsky 1881- 168
  • Georges Migot 1891- 170
  • Darius Milhaud 1892- 171
  • Italo Montemezzi 1875- 175
  • Harold Morris 1890- 176
  • Alexander Mossolov 1900- 177
  • Leo Ornstein 1895- 179
  • Ignace Jan Paderewski 1860- 181
  • Hans Pfitzner 1869- 185
  • Willem Pijper 1894- 189
  • Paul Pisk 1893- 191
  • Walter Piston 1894- 192
  • Ildebrando Pizzetti 1880- 193
  • Francis Poulenc 1899- 194
  • John Powell 1882- 196
  • Serge Prokofieff 1891- 198
  • Henri Rabaud 1873- 199
  • Serge Rachmaninoff 1873- 201
  • Maurice Ravel 1875- 205
  • Rhené-Baton 1879- 210
  • Wallingford Riegger 1885. 212
  • Vittorio Rieti 1898- 213
  • Roger-Ducasse 1875- 215
  • Dane Rudhyar 1895- 218
  • Carl Ruggles 1876- 220
  • Victor De Sabata 1892- 221
  • Lazare Saminsky 1882- 224
  • Ernest Schelling 1876- 226
  • Joseph Schillinger 1895- 228
  • Max Von Schillings 1868-1933 230
  • Florent Schmitt 1870. 232
  • Arnold Schönberg 1874- 234
  • Cyril Scott 1879- 238
  • Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915 240
  • Bernhard Sekles 1872- 242
  • Roger Sessions 1896- 245
  • Dmitri Shostakowitch 1906- 246
  • Christian Sinding 249
  • Leone Sinigaglia 1868- 252
  • David Stanley Smith 1877­ 253
  • Leo Sowerby 1895- 255
  • William Grant Still 1895- 256
  • Albert Stoessel 1894- 258
  • Richard Strauss 1864- 259
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882- 260
  • Edwin J. Stringham 1890- 268
  • Alexander Tansman 1897- 270
  • Deems Taylor 1885- 271
  • Alexander Tcherepnine 1899- 273
  • Nikolai Tcherepnine 1873- 275
  • Virgil Thomson 1896- 276
  • Ernest Toch 1887- 278
  • Vincenzo Tommasini 1880- 279
  • Joaquin Turina 1882. 281
  • Edgar Varèse 1885- 283
  • Ralph Vaughan-Williams 1872- 284
  • Hector Villa-Lobos 1886- 286
  • H. Waldo-Warner 1874- 288
  • William Walton 1902- 290
  • Anton Webern 1883- 291
  • Kurt Weill 1900- 292
  • Jaromir Weinberger 1896- 295
  • Leo Weiner 1885- 296
  • Adolph Weiss 1891- 298
  • Egon Wellesz 1885- 300
  • Alexander Weprik .1899- 301
  • Riccardo Zandonai 1883- 305
  • Bibliography of Modern Music 309
  • Index 313
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