Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

By David Ewen | Go to book overview
commonplace and the obvious, and otten diffusively and uneffectively. He has explored no new or perilous paths in music, and has made no reckless experiments. His fluent writing of tunes and ensembles is matched by the smoothness and pleasing quality of his orchestration. But anything in either that rises above mediocrity is hard to find."His popularity in Germany and Austria has been enormous since the beginning of the Twentieth Century. In 1903, a marble relief monument in his honor was unveiled in his native town. Kienzl lives at the present time in Vienna, where he devotes as much time to writing prose as to composition. He has written innumerable monographs on Wagner, musical declamation and other musical subjects, and has exerted a far- reaching influence among his countrymen with his often penetrating writings. He also keeps a very intensive diary, in which are included all the letters he has received--almost 58,000 up to the present time--among which are included communications from the foremost musicians of the past four decades. In music, his tastes are enormously orthodox. His favorite composer is Mozart; then comes Wagner. Modern composers fail to arouse his curiosity with their work, and all the tricks and rebellious gestures of modernism merely make him shake his gray head in perplexity. He is the author of a book of reminiscences which has enjoyed a tremendous success in Germany and Austria.
Principal works by, Wilhelm Kienzl:

OPERA: Urvasi; Heilmar der Narr; Der Evangelimann; Don Quixote; Das Testament; Sanctissimum; Hans Kipfel.

CHORAL: Wach Auf, Mon Volk!; Deutsche Reiterlieder; Six Songs for Men's Chorus; Arbeitlied, etc.
ORCHESTRA: Three Suites in Dance-Form; Tanzfest; Abendstimmungen, etc.
CHAMBER MUSIC: Three Fantasy, Pieces for Piano and Violin; Trio; Quartet in B- Minor; Quartet in C-Minor.

About Wilhelm Kienzl:

Kienzl Wilhelm. Meine Lebenswanderung; Korngold Julius. Deutsches Opernschaffen der Gegenwart.

New Music Review 12:169April 1913.

Important recordings of music by Wilhelm Kienzl:

POLYDOR: Der Evangelimann: "Pious Beggar", "Glad Days of Youth Departed", "Blessed Are They Who Are Persecuted."


Paul von Klenau 1883-

PAUL AUGUST VON KLENAU, equally famous as orchestral conductor and composer, was born on February 11, 1883 in Copenhagen. Receiving his elementary studies in music in Copenhagen from local instructors, he was soon eligible to enter the Berlin Hochschule where, from 1902 until 1907, he studied under Ludwig Thuille. He began his career as conductor at an early, age. At the age of twenty-four he was already leading the Freiburg Opera, and he showed such aptitude for the baton that, the following year, Max von Schillings called on him to assist him as conductor in Stuttgart. This was a valuable apprenticeship, and under Max von Schillings Klenau made remarkable progress as a conductor. Six years Klenau spent in Stuttgart and then, after returning for a brief spell to Freiburg, he settled in his native city to devote his time to composing.

It was during this period that he founded the Copenhagen Philharmonic Orchestra, which has played an all- important rôle in the musical life of that city. In the capacity of its conductor, Klenau was a pioneer in introducing works of innumerable contemporaries to Denmark. He was especially famous as an interpreter of Delius' music and when, in 1924, Frankfurt held a festival of Delius' works in honor of that composer's sixtieth birthday, it was Klenau who was invited to lead the orchestra.

Paul von Klenau has also distinguished himself as the director of the Wiener Konzerthousgesellschaft, and of the Singakademie of Vienna.

As in the case of his conducting, Klenau began composition at a surprisingly youthful age, and disclosed an amazing maturity. Paul Bechert goes so far as to say of his Inferno, for orchestra--composed when Klenau was twenty-one years old--that "it is to be considered his chef-d'oeuvre. It is a document of Klenau's musical creed, according to the composer's own verdict, which is bound to no school. For in assimilating the achievements of the classics and wedding them to modern tendencies, it has remained Klenau's aim to preserve a personal idiom of his own."

von Klenau: vŏn-klĕ-now′

-140-

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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Books of the Same Author ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Key to Pronunciations xiv
  • Joseph Achron 1886- 1
  • George Antheil 1900- 3
  • Kurt Atterberg 1887- 4
  • Louis Aubert 1877- 6
  • Georges Auric 1899- 7
  • Granville Bantock 1868- 8
  • Béla Bartók 1881- 10
  • Arnold Bax 1883- 15
  • Robert Russell Bennett 1894- 16
  • Lord Berners 1883. 20
  • Julius Bittner 1874- 22
  • Arthur Bliss 1891- 23
  • Marc Blitzstein 1905- 24
  • Ernest Bloch 1880- 25
  • Rutland Boughton 1878- 26
  • Walter Braunfels 1882- 29
  • Frank Bridge 1879- 31
  • Alfred Bruneau 1857-1934 32
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman 1881- 35
  • Alfredo Casella 1883- 36
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco 1895- 38
  • Juan José Castro 1895- 40
  • Gustave Charpentier 1860. 41
  • Frederick Shepherd Converse 1871- 46
  • Henry Cowell 1897- 49
  • Sir Frederic H. Cowen 1852- 51
  • Sir Walford Davies 1869- 53
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 55
  • Frederick Delius 1863-1934 56
  • Ernst Von Dohnányi 1877. 60
  • Arcady Dubensky 1890- 62
  • Paul Dukas 1865- 64
  • Paul Dupin 1865- 67
  • Georges Enesco 1881- 68
  • Manuel De Falla .1876- 70
  • Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924 72
  • Henri Gagnebin 1886- 79
  • Philippe Gaubert 1879- 80
  • George Gershwin 1898- 80
  • Umberto Giordano 1867- 82
  • Alexander Glazunov 1865- 84
  • Reinhold Glière 1874- 86
  • Michael Gniessin 1883- 90
  • Paul Graener 1872- 91
  • Percy Grainger 1882- 93
  • Alexander Gretchaninoff 1864- 94
  • Louis Gruenberg 1883- 96
  • Alois Hába 1893- 98
  • Henry Hadley 1871- 99
  • Reynaldo Hahn 1874- 101
  • Howard Hanson 1896- 103
  • Sandor Harmati 1892- 104
  • Roy Harris 1898- 106
  • Edward Burlingame Hill 1872- 110
  • Paul Hindemith 1895- 112
  • Gustav Holst 1874-1934 115
  • Arthur Honegger 1892- 117
  • Herbert Howells 1892- 119
  • Jacques Ibert 1890- 120
  • Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931 122
  • Michael Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859- 123
  • John Ireland 1879- 125
  • Frederick Jacobi 1891- 128
  • Leoš Janáček 1854-1928 130
  • Werner Janssen 1900- 131
  • Joseph Jongen 1873. 133
  • Werner Josten 1888- 134
  • Paul Juon 1872- 135
  • Heinrich Kaminski 1886- 136
  • Wilhelm Kienzl 1857- 139
  • Lyof Knipper 1898- 140
  • Zoltan Kodály 1882- 141
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897- 142
  • A. Walter Kramer 1890- 147
  • Alexander Kreyn 1883- 148
  • Ladislas Lajtha 1892- 151
  • Constant Lambert 1905- 151
  • Charles Martin Loeffler 1861- 152
  • Nikolai Lopatnikoff 1903- 153
  • Igor Markevitch 1912- 157
  • Frank Martin 1890- 159
  • Bohuslav Martinu 1890- 161
  • Joseph Marx 1882- 162
  • Pietro Mascagni 1863- 164
  • Daniel Gregory Mason 1873- 165
  • Nikolai Medtner 1880- 167
  • Nikolai Miaskovsky 1881- 168
  • Georges Migot 1891- 170
  • Darius Milhaud 1892- 171
  • Italo Montemezzi 1875- 175
  • Harold Morris 1890- 176
  • Alexander Mossolov 1900- 177
  • Leo Ornstein 1895- 179
  • Ignace Jan Paderewski 1860- 181
  • Hans Pfitzner 1869- 185
  • Willem Pijper 1894- 189
  • Paul Pisk 1893- 191
  • Walter Piston 1894- 192
  • Ildebrando Pizzetti 1880- 193
  • Francis Poulenc 1899- 194
  • John Powell 1882- 196
  • Serge Prokofieff 1891- 198
  • Henri Rabaud 1873- 199
  • Serge Rachmaninoff 1873- 201
  • Maurice Ravel 1875- 205
  • Rhené-Baton 1879- 210
  • Wallingford Riegger 1885. 212
  • Vittorio Rieti 1898- 213
  • Roger-Ducasse 1875- 215
  • Dane Rudhyar 1895- 218
  • Carl Ruggles 1876- 220
  • Victor De Sabata 1892- 221
  • Lazare Saminsky 1882- 224
  • Ernest Schelling 1876- 226
  • Joseph Schillinger 1895- 228
  • Max Von Schillings 1868-1933 230
  • Florent Schmitt 1870. 232
  • Arnold Schönberg 1874- 234
  • Cyril Scott 1879- 238
  • Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915 240
  • Bernhard Sekles 1872- 242
  • Roger Sessions 1896- 245
  • Dmitri Shostakowitch 1906- 246
  • Christian Sinding 249
  • Leone Sinigaglia 1868- 252
  • David Stanley Smith 1877­ 253
  • Leo Sowerby 1895- 255
  • William Grant Still 1895- 256
  • Albert Stoessel 1894- 258
  • Richard Strauss 1864- 259
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882- 260
  • Edwin J. Stringham 1890- 268
  • Alexander Tansman 1897- 270
  • Deems Taylor 1885- 271
  • Alexander Tcherepnine 1899- 273
  • Nikolai Tcherepnine 1873- 275
  • Virgil Thomson 1896- 276
  • Ernest Toch 1887- 278
  • Vincenzo Tommasini 1880- 279
  • Joaquin Turina 1882. 281
  • Edgar Varèse 1885- 283
  • Ralph Vaughan-Williams 1872- 284
  • Hector Villa-Lobos 1886- 286
  • H. Waldo-Warner 1874- 288
  • William Walton 1902- 290
  • Anton Webern 1883- 291
  • Kurt Weill 1900- 292
  • Jaromir Weinberger 1896- 295
  • Leo Weiner 1885- 296
  • Adolph Weiss 1891- 298
  • Egon Wellesz 1885- 300
  • Alexander Weprik .1899- 301
  • Riccardo Zandonai 1883- 305
  • Bibliography of Modern Music 309
  • Index 313
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