Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

By David Ewen | Go to book overview
nically sure of itself and possessing such a new and vital idiom--had been composed by a young man of twenty-one. Critics prophesied a magnificent future for this composer.In 1929, Lambert proved to the critics that their prophecy had not been in vain, when he created two works which, to date, are considered his best productions, and which were definite proofs that he was one of the most healthy-blooded and vital of the younger English composers. The first of these compositions was the now-famous Rio Grande, written in a jazz-idiom that is "idealized, transmuted, enlisted to a service to which it had hitherto seemed alien. The effect is, of course, exotic. . . . But more than that it is poetically evocative." The other composition, Music for Orchestra, is regarded by Lambert himself as his most successful creation. "It is an elaborately contrapuntal work, tho harmonically it is simple," explains Beryl de Zoëte. "The rhythmic line thruout is of great importance and fascinating interest, but it is also of considerable melodic interest. It is remarkably concise in form, tho elaborate in construction. . . . It is an extremely intellectual, almost wintry, work, remarkable for its bold architecture."What is so outstanding in the music of young Constant Lambert is not only the fact that he possesses an idiom which is full of pepper and salt--fresh, vigorous, alive--but also the fact that his is a technique that is so deft and subtle that its complexity often escapes the notice of the listener. As Edwin Evans points out: "Lambert, being of a . . . subtle temperament, usually keeps his remarkable technical skill to the background. In the Rio Grande, for instance, it is the sureness of touch, rather than the ingenuity, which impresses one. The reticence is entirely sincere. Lambert has no affectation, but he is an intellectual to whom craftsmanship is incidental and ancillary."Other works of outstanding distinction which Lambert has composed and which assure him an important place in modern music include his Elegiac Blues for orchestra, composed to the memory of Florence Mills, and his poignant setting of poems by Li-Po, dedicated to Anna May Wong.Principal works by Constant Lambert:
ORCHESTRA : Prize-Fight; The Bird Actors; Rio Grande; Music for Orchestra; Elegiac Blues.
CHAMBER MUSIC : Chamber Concerto.
BALLET : Romeo and Juliet.
Songs, compositions for piano, etc.

About Constant Lambert: Chesterian 12:181 1931; Monthly Musical Record 59:97April 1929; 60:356December 1930.

Important recordings of music by Constant Lambert:

COLUMBIA : Rio Grande.


Charles Martin Loeffler 1861-

"There are poets who are apart--Poe, the Thomson of the City of Dreadful Night, Baudelaire. There are dramatists of kin, as Tourneur, Webster, Ford and Maeterlinck. In music there is Loeffler."--PHILIP HALE

CHARLES MARTIN TORNOV LOEFFLER, one of the great voices in the older school of American music, was born in Alsace on January 30, 1861. His father was a scientist who dabbled with music; and his mother was a passionate lover of good poetry. Before the outbreak of the Franco- Prussian war, the family moved to the Russian country town of Smjela, in the province of Kiev, where the father supported himself by working for the government. Young Charles was here given his first intensive musical instruction. A German musician of the Imperial Orchestra recognized signs of talent in the boy and so he offered to give him lessons upon the violin.

From Smjela the family migrated to Debreczin, Hungary, where the father taught in the Royal Agricultural Academy. Having lost his teacher, Charles could no longer pursue his violin studies. But his musical appetite was to a measure satisfied by listening to the plangent music of the Hungarian gypsies who wandered frequently into town.

By 1875, young Loeffler was fully convinced that he would devote his life to music. This realization filled him

____________________
Loeffler: lĕf′flĕr

-153-

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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Books of the Same Author ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Key to Pronunciations xiv
  • Joseph Achron 1886- 1
  • George Antheil 1900- 3
  • Kurt Atterberg 1887- 4
  • Louis Aubert 1877- 6
  • Georges Auric 1899- 7
  • Granville Bantock 1868- 8
  • Béla Bartók 1881- 10
  • Arnold Bax 1883- 15
  • Robert Russell Bennett 1894- 16
  • Lord Berners 1883. 20
  • Julius Bittner 1874- 22
  • Arthur Bliss 1891- 23
  • Marc Blitzstein 1905- 24
  • Ernest Bloch 1880- 25
  • Rutland Boughton 1878- 26
  • Walter Braunfels 1882- 29
  • Frank Bridge 1879- 31
  • Alfred Bruneau 1857-1934 32
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman 1881- 35
  • Alfredo Casella 1883- 36
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco 1895- 38
  • Juan José Castro 1895- 40
  • Gustave Charpentier 1860. 41
  • Frederick Shepherd Converse 1871- 46
  • Henry Cowell 1897- 49
  • Sir Frederic H. Cowen 1852- 51
  • Sir Walford Davies 1869- 53
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 55
  • Frederick Delius 1863-1934 56
  • Ernst Von Dohnányi 1877. 60
  • Arcady Dubensky 1890- 62
  • Paul Dukas 1865- 64
  • Paul Dupin 1865- 67
  • Georges Enesco 1881- 68
  • Manuel De Falla .1876- 70
  • Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924 72
  • Henri Gagnebin 1886- 79
  • Philippe Gaubert 1879- 80
  • George Gershwin 1898- 80
  • Umberto Giordano 1867- 82
  • Alexander Glazunov 1865- 84
  • Reinhold Glière 1874- 86
  • Michael Gniessin 1883- 90
  • Paul Graener 1872- 91
  • Percy Grainger 1882- 93
  • Alexander Gretchaninoff 1864- 94
  • Louis Gruenberg 1883- 96
  • Alois Hába 1893- 98
  • Henry Hadley 1871- 99
  • Reynaldo Hahn 1874- 101
  • Howard Hanson 1896- 103
  • Sandor Harmati 1892- 104
  • Roy Harris 1898- 106
  • Edward Burlingame Hill 1872- 110
  • Paul Hindemith 1895- 112
  • Gustav Holst 1874-1934 115
  • Arthur Honegger 1892- 117
  • Herbert Howells 1892- 119
  • Jacques Ibert 1890- 120
  • Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931 122
  • Michael Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859- 123
  • John Ireland 1879- 125
  • Frederick Jacobi 1891- 128
  • Leoš Janáček 1854-1928 130
  • Werner Janssen 1900- 131
  • Joseph Jongen 1873. 133
  • Werner Josten 1888- 134
  • Paul Juon 1872- 135
  • Heinrich Kaminski 1886- 136
  • Wilhelm Kienzl 1857- 139
  • Lyof Knipper 1898- 140
  • Zoltan Kodály 1882- 141
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897- 142
  • A. Walter Kramer 1890- 147
  • Alexander Kreyn 1883- 148
  • Ladislas Lajtha 1892- 151
  • Constant Lambert 1905- 151
  • Charles Martin Loeffler 1861- 152
  • Nikolai Lopatnikoff 1903- 153
  • Igor Markevitch 1912- 157
  • Frank Martin 1890- 159
  • Bohuslav Martinu 1890- 161
  • Joseph Marx 1882- 162
  • Pietro Mascagni 1863- 164
  • Daniel Gregory Mason 1873- 165
  • Nikolai Medtner 1880- 167
  • Nikolai Miaskovsky 1881- 168
  • Georges Migot 1891- 170
  • Darius Milhaud 1892- 171
  • Italo Montemezzi 1875- 175
  • Harold Morris 1890- 176
  • Alexander Mossolov 1900- 177
  • Leo Ornstein 1895- 179
  • Ignace Jan Paderewski 1860- 181
  • Hans Pfitzner 1869- 185
  • Willem Pijper 1894- 189
  • Paul Pisk 1893- 191
  • Walter Piston 1894- 192
  • Ildebrando Pizzetti 1880- 193
  • Francis Poulenc 1899- 194
  • John Powell 1882- 196
  • Serge Prokofieff 1891- 198
  • Henri Rabaud 1873- 199
  • Serge Rachmaninoff 1873- 201
  • Maurice Ravel 1875- 205
  • Rhené-Baton 1879- 210
  • Wallingford Riegger 1885. 212
  • Vittorio Rieti 1898- 213
  • Roger-Ducasse 1875- 215
  • Dane Rudhyar 1895- 218
  • Carl Ruggles 1876- 220
  • Victor De Sabata 1892- 221
  • Lazare Saminsky 1882- 224
  • Ernest Schelling 1876- 226
  • Joseph Schillinger 1895- 228
  • Max Von Schillings 1868-1933 230
  • Florent Schmitt 1870. 232
  • Arnold Schönberg 1874- 234
  • Cyril Scott 1879- 238
  • Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915 240
  • Bernhard Sekles 1872- 242
  • Roger Sessions 1896- 245
  • Dmitri Shostakowitch 1906- 246
  • Christian Sinding 249
  • Leone Sinigaglia 1868- 252
  • David Stanley Smith 1877­ 253
  • Leo Sowerby 1895- 255
  • William Grant Still 1895- 256
  • Albert Stoessel 1894- 258
  • Richard Strauss 1864- 259
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882- 260
  • Edwin J. Stringham 1890- 268
  • Alexander Tansman 1897- 270
  • Deems Taylor 1885- 271
  • Alexander Tcherepnine 1899- 273
  • Nikolai Tcherepnine 1873- 275
  • Virgil Thomson 1896- 276
  • Ernest Toch 1887- 278
  • Vincenzo Tommasini 1880- 279
  • Joaquin Turina 1882. 281
  • Edgar Varèse 1885- 283
  • Ralph Vaughan-Williams 1872- 284
  • Hector Villa-Lobos 1886- 286
  • H. Waldo-Warner 1874- 288
  • William Walton 1902- 290
  • Anton Webern 1883- 291
  • Kurt Weill 1900- 292
  • Jaromir Weinberger 1896- 295
  • Leo Weiner 1885- 296
  • Adolph Weiss 1891- 298
  • Egon Wellesz 1885- 300
  • Alexander Weprik .1899- 301
  • Riccardo Zandonai 1883- 305
  • Bibliography of Modern Music 309
  • Index 313
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