Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

By David Ewen | Go to book overview
Fountains of Rome, Pines of Rome and Festivals of Rome--which have been performed with such enormous success by Arturo Toscanini in Italy and America, and which have been featured on symphony programs of orchestras thruout the world. Works such as these are important contributions to the symphonic literature of our times and represent Respighi at his strongest. Referring once again to G. A. Luciani: "In his Fountains of Rome, Respighi has realized a personal form of symphonic-poem, where the descriptive and colorful element blends intimately with the lyrical and sentimental element, and in a line which persistently maintains its classicism in spite of a very modern technique. It is to this form that he has returned in his Pines of Rome, which concludes with a triumphal march of a rich and powerful sonority."In his operas, particularly in such successful efforts as the Sunken Bell, after a play of Gerhart Hauptmann, performed at the Metropolitan Opera House of New York, and Maria Egiziaca whose world-première took place under the baton of Toscanini, Respighi has revealed a refined musical style which almost approaches impressionism. In these operas, Respighi has been less Italian than his compatriots, in that the harmonic construction is of greater importance than the lyrical, and the orchestra is given greater importance than the voices. More recently, however--particularly in his last work, La Fiamma-- Respighi has consciously returned to the composition of full melodies so beloved by his people. A greater simplicity is now found, and a wealth of lyrical material. As Respighi himself has said, La Fiamma is "a return to the people. It represents my need to sing simply and sincerely for the great mass of the people.""Whether Respighi has achieved a new and strongly original expression," criticized Raymond Hall, "is open to debate. That he has written a terse and highly effective melodrama, there seems no question to this reviewer. The invention is not always of a high order, but it is more often good than in any of his previous stage works, with the possible exception of Maria Egiziaca."Principal works by Ottorino Respighi:
OPERA : Semirama; Maria Vittoria; Belfagor; Sunken Bell; Maria Egiziaca; La Fiamma.
ORCHESTRA : Suite for Strings and Organ; Sinfonia Drammatica; Fountains of Rome; Pines of Rome; Festivals of Rome; Concerto for Piano and Orchestra; Concerto Gregoriano (for violin and orchestra); Church Windows; Suite Antique.
CHAMBER MUSIC : Sonata in B-Minor (for violin and piano); String Quartet in D- Major; Quartetto Dorico; Concerto à Cinque.
About Ottorino Respighi: Revue Musicale 8:51January 1927.Important recordings of music by Ottorino Respighi:
VICTOR : Fountains of Rome ( Coates).
ITALIAN VICTOR : Pines of Rome; Suite Antique.

Emil von Reznicek 1860-

EMIL NIKOLAUS VON REZNICEK, in the vanguard of the rigidly conservative of modern Austrian composers, was born in Vienna on May 4, 1860. The law appealed to him strongly in his youth, and so he entered a law school in Graz, pursuing the study of music under Prof. Wilhelm Mayer as an avocation. At the age of twenty- one--with a legal career stretching before him--he met and became a close friend of Busoni, the composer, and Felix Weingartner, the conductor, who first seriously influenced him to study music with greater seriousness. Their arguments struck a responsive chord with Reznicek and, one year later, he gave up legal studies in order to make music his life-work. Entering the Leipzig Conservatory, he studied under those two celebrated theorists, Jadassohn and Reinecke. A year of diligent and intensive study successfully filled in the gaps in his musical knowledge, and by his twenty-third birthday he was prepared to compose with a skilled pen. His Symphonic Suite ( 1833) revealed that he had learned his lessons well.

In order to earn a livelihood while composing, he turned to orchestral conducting--and for several years he was leader of theatrical orchestras in Graz, Berlin and Mainz. In the meanwhile, the drudgery of conducting inconse-

____________________
Reznicek: rĕz′nĭ-chĕk

-210-

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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Books of the Same Author ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Key to Pronunciations xiv
  • Joseph Achron 1886- 1
  • George Antheil 1900- 3
  • Kurt Atterberg 1887- 4
  • Louis Aubert 1877- 6
  • Georges Auric 1899- 7
  • Granville Bantock 1868- 8
  • Béla Bartók 1881- 10
  • Arnold Bax 1883- 15
  • Robert Russell Bennett 1894- 16
  • Lord Berners 1883. 20
  • Julius Bittner 1874- 22
  • Arthur Bliss 1891- 23
  • Marc Blitzstein 1905- 24
  • Ernest Bloch 1880- 25
  • Rutland Boughton 1878- 26
  • Walter Braunfels 1882- 29
  • Frank Bridge 1879- 31
  • Alfred Bruneau 1857-1934 32
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman 1881- 35
  • Alfredo Casella 1883- 36
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco 1895- 38
  • Juan José Castro 1895- 40
  • Gustave Charpentier 1860. 41
  • Frederick Shepherd Converse 1871- 46
  • Henry Cowell 1897- 49
  • Sir Frederic H. Cowen 1852- 51
  • Sir Walford Davies 1869- 53
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 55
  • Frederick Delius 1863-1934 56
  • Ernst Von Dohnányi 1877. 60
  • Arcady Dubensky 1890- 62
  • Paul Dukas 1865- 64
  • Paul Dupin 1865- 67
  • Georges Enesco 1881- 68
  • Manuel De Falla .1876- 70
  • Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924 72
  • Henri Gagnebin 1886- 79
  • Philippe Gaubert 1879- 80
  • George Gershwin 1898- 80
  • Umberto Giordano 1867- 82
  • Alexander Glazunov 1865- 84
  • Reinhold Glière 1874- 86
  • Michael Gniessin 1883- 90
  • Paul Graener 1872- 91
  • Percy Grainger 1882- 93
  • Alexander Gretchaninoff 1864- 94
  • Louis Gruenberg 1883- 96
  • Alois Hába 1893- 98
  • Henry Hadley 1871- 99
  • Reynaldo Hahn 1874- 101
  • Howard Hanson 1896- 103
  • Sandor Harmati 1892- 104
  • Roy Harris 1898- 106
  • Edward Burlingame Hill 1872- 110
  • Paul Hindemith 1895- 112
  • Gustav Holst 1874-1934 115
  • Arthur Honegger 1892- 117
  • Herbert Howells 1892- 119
  • Jacques Ibert 1890- 120
  • Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931 122
  • Michael Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859- 123
  • John Ireland 1879- 125
  • Frederick Jacobi 1891- 128
  • Leoš Janáček 1854-1928 130
  • Werner Janssen 1900- 131
  • Joseph Jongen 1873. 133
  • Werner Josten 1888- 134
  • Paul Juon 1872- 135
  • Heinrich Kaminski 1886- 136
  • Wilhelm Kienzl 1857- 139
  • Lyof Knipper 1898- 140
  • Zoltan Kodály 1882- 141
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897- 142
  • A. Walter Kramer 1890- 147
  • Alexander Kreyn 1883- 148
  • Ladislas Lajtha 1892- 151
  • Constant Lambert 1905- 151
  • Charles Martin Loeffler 1861- 152
  • Nikolai Lopatnikoff 1903- 153
  • Igor Markevitch 1912- 157
  • Frank Martin 1890- 159
  • Bohuslav Martinu 1890- 161
  • Joseph Marx 1882- 162
  • Pietro Mascagni 1863- 164
  • Daniel Gregory Mason 1873- 165
  • Nikolai Medtner 1880- 167
  • Nikolai Miaskovsky 1881- 168
  • Georges Migot 1891- 170
  • Darius Milhaud 1892- 171
  • Italo Montemezzi 1875- 175
  • Harold Morris 1890- 176
  • Alexander Mossolov 1900- 177
  • Leo Ornstein 1895- 179
  • Ignace Jan Paderewski 1860- 181
  • Hans Pfitzner 1869- 185
  • Willem Pijper 1894- 189
  • Paul Pisk 1893- 191
  • Walter Piston 1894- 192
  • Ildebrando Pizzetti 1880- 193
  • Francis Poulenc 1899- 194
  • John Powell 1882- 196
  • Serge Prokofieff 1891- 198
  • Henri Rabaud 1873- 199
  • Serge Rachmaninoff 1873- 201
  • Maurice Ravel 1875- 205
  • Rhené-Baton 1879- 210
  • Wallingford Riegger 1885. 212
  • Vittorio Rieti 1898- 213
  • Roger-Ducasse 1875- 215
  • Dane Rudhyar 1895- 218
  • Carl Ruggles 1876- 220
  • Victor De Sabata 1892- 221
  • Lazare Saminsky 1882- 224
  • Ernest Schelling 1876- 226
  • Joseph Schillinger 1895- 228
  • Max Von Schillings 1868-1933 230
  • Florent Schmitt 1870. 232
  • Arnold Schönberg 1874- 234
  • Cyril Scott 1879- 238
  • Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915 240
  • Bernhard Sekles 1872- 242
  • Roger Sessions 1896- 245
  • Dmitri Shostakowitch 1906- 246
  • Christian Sinding 249
  • Leone Sinigaglia 1868- 252
  • David Stanley Smith 1877­ 253
  • Leo Sowerby 1895- 255
  • William Grant Still 1895- 256
  • Albert Stoessel 1894- 258
  • Richard Strauss 1864- 259
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882- 260
  • Edwin J. Stringham 1890- 268
  • Alexander Tansman 1897- 270
  • Deems Taylor 1885- 271
  • Alexander Tcherepnine 1899- 273
  • Nikolai Tcherepnine 1873- 275
  • Virgil Thomson 1896- 276
  • Ernest Toch 1887- 278
  • Vincenzo Tommasini 1880- 279
  • Joaquin Turina 1882. 281
  • Edgar Varèse 1885- 283
  • Ralph Vaughan-Williams 1872- 284
  • Hector Villa-Lobos 1886- 286
  • H. Waldo-Warner 1874- 288
  • William Walton 1902- 290
  • Anton Webern 1883- 291
  • Kurt Weill 1900- 292
  • Jaromir Weinberger 1896- 295
  • Leo Weiner 1885- 296
  • Adolph Weiss 1891- 298
  • Egon Wellesz 1885- 300
  • Alexander Weprik .1899- 301
  • Riccardo Zandonai 1883- 305
  • Bibliography of Modern Music 309
  • Index 313
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