Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

By David Ewen | Go to book overview

work with the aid of a piano, sketching general melodic contours, dynamics or rhythmic groupings, before the actual notation. Sometimes, as in Dicotomy (measures 3 to 93), the theme is conceived first; frequently a mere color effect, scheme of contrast, orchestration or formal idea is the starting point. My works are evolved slowly, in labor and struggle; when outward conditions are favorable sometimes the least progress is made.

"No career, to my knowledge, has embodied greater contradictions than my own--a maximum of talent coupled with a minimum of faith in my creative ability. I cannot remember a time when I did not know keys and chords, having picked them out almost as soon as I could reach the keyboard. I recall my astonishment when at the age of eight I found that not everybody had perfect pitch. I suffered agonies at the age of eleven playing second violin under a leader who permitted the dotted triplet of the first movement of Beethoven's Seventh to be played as an eighth and two sixteenths. At the age of twelve, I wrote an impressionistic theme which bears up well with anything of its kind I have written since. I covered reams of paper with sketches, brave beginnings of all descriptions, the net result of which being that up to the age of thirty- five, I had created not a single large work save a somewhat repetitious overture, since destroyed."So unsurmountable seemed the task of creating anything worth while that for the most part I evaded the issue thru a multitude of irrelevant activities. When I first went abroad, I pored deeply over philosophy, became intensely interested in esthetics, visited dozens of galleries and cathedrals, and read a goodly portion of the German classics. When I returned to America I spent years collecting the songs and calls of birds, of which I have notated several hundred. I dipped into Greek and Italian and became obsessed with French poetry."However, as I became more absorbed in creative work, my avocations began to lose their importance, until now I have but one, undeniably, it seems to me, the most rational of them all from the standpoint of self-interest--an active participation in the movement towards a world socialism, under which alone artists, musicians, scientists, workers and creators of all kinds will be able to function freely and attain a high degree of individual expression."Principal works by Wallingford Riegger:
ORCHESTRA: American Polonaise; Rhapsody for Orchestra; A Study in Sonority; Frenetic Rhythms.
CHAMBER MUSIC: Chromatic Quartet; La Belle Dame Sans Merci; Trio in B-Minor; Divertissment; Dichotomy; Canons [for Woodwinds; Suite for Flute Solo.

Pieces for piano.

About Wallingford Riegger:

Cowell Henry. American Composers On American Music.


Vittorio Rieti 1898-

VITTORIO RIETI, one of the younger representatives of the group of Italian modernists, was born in Alexandria, Egypt, of Italian parents, on January 28, 1898. As a boy he was brought to Italy where he began his first studies. Destined by his parents for a commercial career, he was not permitted to pursue a systematic course of musical study, even tho he showed aptitude for the art from earliest childhood. His lessons in music, therefore, have been few and far between, and he has been for the most part self-taught in harmony, counterpoint and theory. In Milan, he studied for a while with Frugatta, and then in Rome he took a course of ten lessons in orchestration with Respighi. Subsequently, he studied composition with Alfredo Casella, who not only influenced Rieti in his musical approach and outlook, but who was an all- important factor in bringing Rieti his first recognition. It was Casella who was the first to perform one of Rieti's works at an international festival held in Prague in 1924, the Concerto for Wind and Orchestra. And since that time, Casella has done much to spread Rieti's name out of Italy not only with his baton but also thru his writings and lectures.

____________________
Rieti: rē-ĕ′tē

-215-

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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Books of the Same Author ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Key to Pronunciations xiv
  • Joseph Achron 1886- 1
  • George Antheil 1900- 3
  • Kurt Atterberg 1887- 4
  • Louis Aubert 1877- 6
  • Georges Auric 1899- 7
  • Granville Bantock 1868- 8
  • Béla Bartók 1881- 10
  • Arnold Bax 1883- 15
  • Robert Russell Bennett 1894- 16
  • Lord Berners 1883. 20
  • Julius Bittner 1874- 22
  • Arthur Bliss 1891- 23
  • Marc Blitzstein 1905- 24
  • Ernest Bloch 1880- 25
  • Rutland Boughton 1878- 26
  • Walter Braunfels 1882- 29
  • Frank Bridge 1879- 31
  • Alfred Bruneau 1857-1934 32
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman 1881- 35
  • Alfredo Casella 1883- 36
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco 1895- 38
  • Juan José Castro 1895- 40
  • Gustave Charpentier 1860. 41
  • Frederick Shepherd Converse 1871- 46
  • Henry Cowell 1897- 49
  • Sir Frederic H. Cowen 1852- 51
  • Sir Walford Davies 1869- 53
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 55
  • Frederick Delius 1863-1934 56
  • Ernst Von Dohnányi 1877. 60
  • Arcady Dubensky 1890- 62
  • Paul Dukas 1865- 64
  • Paul Dupin 1865- 67
  • Georges Enesco 1881- 68
  • Manuel De Falla .1876- 70
  • Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924 72
  • Henri Gagnebin 1886- 79
  • Philippe Gaubert 1879- 80
  • George Gershwin 1898- 80
  • Umberto Giordano 1867- 82
  • Alexander Glazunov 1865- 84
  • Reinhold Glière 1874- 86
  • Michael Gniessin 1883- 90
  • Paul Graener 1872- 91
  • Percy Grainger 1882- 93
  • Alexander Gretchaninoff 1864- 94
  • Louis Gruenberg 1883- 96
  • Alois Hába 1893- 98
  • Henry Hadley 1871- 99
  • Reynaldo Hahn 1874- 101
  • Howard Hanson 1896- 103
  • Sandor Harmati 1892- 104
  • Roy Harris 1898- 106
  • Edward Burlingame Hill 1872- 110
  • Paul Hindemith 1895- 112
  • Gustav Holst 1874-1934 115
  • Arthur Honegger 1892- 117
  • Herbert Howells 1892- 119
  • Jacques Ibert 1890- 120
  • Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931 122
  • Michael Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859- 123
  • John Ireland 1879- 125
  • Frederick Jacobi 1891- 128
  • Leoš Janáček 1854-1928 130
  • Werner Janssen 1900- 131
  • Joseph Jongen 1873. 133
  • Werner Josten 1888- 134
  • Paul Juon 1872- 135
  • Heinrich Kaminski 1886- 136
  • Wilhelm Kienzl 1857- 139
  • Lyof Knipper 1898- 140
  • Zoltan Kodály 1882- 141
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897- 142
  • A. Walter Kramer 1890- 147
  • Alexander Kreyn 1883- 148
  • Ladislas Lajtha 1892- 151
  • Constant Lambert 1905- 151
  • Charles Martin Loeffler 1861- 152
  • Nikolai Lopatnikoff 1903- 153
  • Igor Markevitch 1912- 157
  • Frank Martin 1890- 159
  • Bohuslav Martinu 1890- 161
  • Joseph Marx 1882- 162
  • Pietro Mascagni 1863- 164
  • Daniel Gregory Mason 1873- 165
  • Nikolai Medtner 1880- 167
  • Nikolai Miaskovsky 1881- 168
  • Georges Migot 1891- 170
  • Darius Milhaud 1892- 171
  • Italo Montemezzi 1875- 175
  • Harold Morris 1890- 176
  • Alexander Mossolov 1900- 177
  • Leo Ornstein 1895- 179
  • Ignace Jan Paderewski 1860- 181
  • Hans Pfitzner 1869- 185
  • Willem Pijper 1894- 189
  • Paul Pisk 1893- 191
  • Walter Piston 1894- 192
  • Ildebrando Pizzetti 1880- 193
  • Francis Poulenc 1899- 194
  • John Powell 1882- 196
  • Serge Prokofieff 1891- 198
  • Henri Rabaud 1873- 199
  • Serge Rachmaninoff 1873- 201
  • Maurice Ravel 1875- 205
  • Rhené-Baton 1879- 210
  • Wallingford Riegger 1885. 212
  • Vittorio Rieti 1898- 213
  • Roger-Ducasse 1875- 215
  • Dane Rudhyar 1895- 218
  • Carl Ruggles 1876- 220
  • Victor De Sabata 1892- 221
  • Lazare Saminsky 1882- 224
  • Ernest Schelling 1876- 226
  • Joseph Schillinger 1895- 228
  • Max Von Schillings 1868-1933 230
  • Florent Schmitt 1870. 232
  • Arnold Schönberg 1874- 234
  • Cyril Scott 1879- 238
  • Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915 240
  • Bernhard Sekles 1872- 242
  • Roger Sessions 1896- 245
  • Dmitri Shostakowitch 1906- 246
  • Christian Sinding 249
  • Leone Sinigaglia 1868- 252
  • David Stanley Smith 1877­ 253
  • Leo Sowerby 1895- 255
  • William Grant Still 1895- 256
  • Albert Stoessel 1894- 258
  • Richard Strauss 1864- 259
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882- 260
  • Edwin J. Stringham 1890- 268
  • Alexander Tansman 1897- 270
  • Deems Taylor 1885- 271
  • Alexander Tcherepnine 1899- 273
  • Nikolai Tcherepnine 1873- 275
  • Virgil Thomson 1896- 276
  • Ernest Toch 1887- 278
  • Vincenzo Tommasini 1880- 279
  • Joaquin Turina 1882. 281
  • Edgar Varèse 1885- 283
  • Ralph Vaughan-Williams 1872- 284
  • Hector Villa-Lobos 1886- 286
  • H. Waldo-Warner 1874- 288
  • William Walton 1902- 290
  • Anton Webern 1883- 291
  • Kurt Weill 1900- 292
  • Jaromir Weinberger 1896- 295
  • Leo Weiner 1885- 296
  • Adolph Weiss 1891- 298
  • Egon Wellesz 1885- 300
  • Alexander Weprik .1899- 301
  • Riccardo Zandonai 1883- 305
  • Bibliography of Modern Music 309
  • Index 313
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