Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

By David Ewen | Go to book overview
composer's admiration for his work is well known. But Cyril Scott is no copyist, and he strikes a very individual note in music, such as many of his English contemporaries fail to do. He is nearly always sincere in his writing; even the lesser works show this, whilst some of the larger works are very eloquent and heartfelt in expression." Cyril Scott is also the author of several books, including Music: Its Secret Influence Throughout the Ages, an autobiography entitled My Years Of Indiscretion, a study in adult conduct entitled Childishness, and several occult books written anonymously. Cyril Scott confesses that the composers whom he admires most include Bach, Wagner, Chopin, Debussy, Scriabin and Percy Grainger. He writes, in reference to his musical credo: "I believe in a judicious use of melody, but enriched with harmonic inventiveness. The older composers, Mozart, Beethoven, etc., wrote their melodies in single notes, sometimes thirds, sixths and octaves. I often write melodies in chords or parts flowering in similar or sometimes in contrary motion. Some of these chords contain 6, 7, 8 or more notes. This mostly applies to orchestral or chamber-works. I have not become a neo-classicist like several of my contemporaries, but have confined myself to my own style which I hope I have enriched with the years."Thirty years ago I was called the 'English Debussy'; at that time the idea was that all modern-sounding music must of necessity be French!!! Debussy himself, whom I knew personally, could see no resemblance to himself, and one of the leading critics of our time, Edwin Evans, long ago pointed out that there was no similarity between us. Debussy was much influenced by Javanese music, and the Javanese scale, whereas I have always used a different scale, more chromatic than whole-tone."His favorite diversions are "to paint, to write libretti, plays and books. I like to go to some lonely place, preferably in the mountains, find a quiet spot with a lonely view, and there write a libretto or book. When I paint, I do not paint from nature but out of the imagination."His all-powerful interest, however, still remains the study of mystical and occult philosophy.Principal works by Cyril Scott:
OPERA: Alchemist; The Shrine.
CHORAL: Nativity Hymn; La Belle Dame Sans Merci; Mirabelle.
ORCHESTRA: Two Passacaglias; Festival Overture; Concerto for Violin and Orchestra; Concerto for Piano and Orchestra; Noël; Mystic Ode (with chorus); The Melodist and the Nightingales (for 'cello and orchestra); The Muses; Concertino for Harpsichord and Orchestra; Poem (for piano and orchestra).
BALLET: Apothecary.
CHAMBER MUSIC: Sonata for Violin and Piano; Trio; String Quartet; Piano Quintet.
Pieces for piano.
About Cyril Scott: Hull A. E. Cyril Scott; Scott Cyril. My Years of Indiscretion.Important recordings of music by Cyril Scott:
VICTOR: Lotus Land (Kreisler).
COLUMBIA: Caprice Chinois.
GRAMOPHONE: Danse Nègre, Rainbow Trout, Souvenir de Vienne (Scott).

Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915

"His innovations . . . have given him a place in musical history as one of the boldest musical pioneers."--LEONID SABANEYEV

ALEXANDER NICOLAEVITCH SCRIABIN, often referred to by critics as "the Chopin of modern Russian music," was born in Moscow December 29, 1871. His mother was a very talented pianist who died when Alexander was only two years old. Entrusted to the care of his grandmother and aunt, the boy was permitted full freedom to develop himself intellectually. Thus, he learned by himself to read and write, and to call forth elementary melodies from the piano. The theatre seemed to hold an especial fascination for him, and in his own little theatre he would pretend, by wild declamations and gesticulations, to perform great dramas of his own invention.

His love for music soon threw every other interest into the remote background, and his affection for the piano became something of an obsession. He could soon play with deft fingers and

____________________
Scriabin: skrē-ä'bĭn

-242-

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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Books of the Same Author ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Key to Pronunciations xiv
  • Joseph Achron 1886- 1
  • George Antheil 1900- 3
  • Kurt Atterberg 1887- 4
  • Louis Aubert 1877- 6
  • Georges Auric 1899- 7
  • Granville Bantock 1868- 8
  • Béla Bartók 1881- 10
  • Arnold Bax 1883- 15
  • Robert Russell Bennett 1894- 16
  • Lord Berners 1883. 20
  • Julius Bittner 1874- 22
  • Arthur Bliss 1891- 23
  • Marc Blitzstein 1905- 24
  • Ernest Bloch 1880- 25
  • Rutland Boughton 1878- 26
  • Walter Braunfels 1882- 29
  • Frank Bridge 1879- 31
  • Alfred Bruneau 1857-1934 32
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman 1881- 35
  • Alfredo Casella 1883- 36
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco 1895- 38
  • Juan José Castro 1895- 40
  • Gustave Charpentier 1860. 41
  • Frederick Shepherd Converse 1871- 46
  • Henry Cowell 1897- 49
  • Sir Frederic H. Cowen 1852- 51
  • Sir Walford Davies 1869- 53
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 55
  • Frederick Delius 1863-1934 56
  • Ernst Von Dohnányi 1877. 60
  • Arcady Dubensky 1890- 62
  • Paul Dukas 1865- 64
  • Paul Dupin 1865- 67
  • Georges Enesco 1881- 68
  • Manuel De Falla .1876- 70
  • Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924 72
  • Henri Gagnebin 1886- 79
  • Philippe Gaubert 1879- 80
  • George Gershwin 1898- 80
  • Umberto Giordano 1867- 82
  • Alexander Glazunov 1865- 84
  • Reinhold Glière 1874- 86
  • Michael Gniessin 1883- 90
  • Paul Graener 1872- 91
  • Percy Grainger 1882- 93
  • Alexander Gretchaninoff 1864- 94
  • Louis Gruenberg 1883- 96
  • Alois Hába 1893- 98
  • Henry Hadley 1871- 99
  • Reynaldo Hahn 1874- 101
  • Howard Hanson 1896- 103
  • Sandor Harmati 1892- 104
  • Roy Harris 1898- 106
  • Edward Burlingame Hill 1872- 110
  • Paul Hindemith 1895- 112
  • Gustav Holst 1874-1934 115
  • Arthur Honegger 1892- 117
  • Herbert Howells 1892- 119
  • Jacques Ibert 1890- 120
  • Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931 122
  • Michael Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859- 123
  • John Ireland 1879- 125
  • Frederick Jacobi 1891- 128
  • Leoš Janáček 1854-1928 130
  • Werner Janssen 1900- 131
  • Joseph Jongen 1873. 133
  • Werner Josten 1888- 134
  • Paul Juon 1872- 135
  • Heinrich Kaminski 1886- 136
  • Wilhelm Kienzl 1857- 139
  • Lyof Knipper 1898- 140
  • Zoltan Kodály 1882- 141
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897- 142
  • A. Walter Kramer 1890- 147
  • Alexander Kreyn 1883- 148
  • Ladislas Lajtha 1892- 151
  • Constant Lambert 1905- 151
  • Charles Martin Loeffler 1861- 152
  • Nikolai Lopatnikoff 1903- 153
  • Igor Markevitch 1912- 157
  • Frank Martin 1890- 159
  • Bohuslav Martinu 1890- 161
  • Joseph Marx 1882- 162
  • Pietro Mascagni 1863- 164
  • Daniel Gregory Mason 1873- 165
  • Nikolai Medtner 1880- 167
  • Nikolai Miaskovsky 1881- 168
  • Georges Migot 1891- 170
  • Darius Milhaud 1892- 171
  • Italo Montemezzi 1875- 175
  • Harold Morris 1890- 176
  • Alexander Mossolov 1900- 177
  • Leo Ornstein 1895- 179
  • Ignace Jan Paderewski 1860- 181
  • Hans Pfitzner 1869- 185
  • Willem Pijper 1894- 189
  • Paul Pisk 1893- 191
  • Walter Piston 1894- 192
  • Ildebrando Pizzetti 1880- 193
  • Francis Poulenc 1899- 194
  • John Powell 1882- 196
  • Serge Prokofieff 1891- 198
  • Henri Rabaud 1873- 199
  • Serge Rachmaninoff 1873- 201
  • Maurice Ravel 1875- 205
  • Rhené-Baton 1879- 210
  • Wallingford Riegger 1885. 212
  • Vittorio Rieti 1898- 213
  • Roger-Ducasse 1875- 215
  • Dane Rudhyar 1895- 218
  • Carl Ruggles 1876- 220
  • Victor De Sabata 1892- 221
  • Lazare Saminsky 1882- 224
  • Ernest Schelling 1876- 226
  • Joseph Schillinger 1895- 228
  • Max Von Schillings 1868-1933 230
  • Florent Schmitt 1870. 232
  • Arnold Schönberg 1874- 234
  • Cyril Scott 1879- 238
  • Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915 240
  • Bernhard Sekles 1872- 242
  • Roger Sessions 1896- 245
  • Dmitri Shostakowitch 1906- 246
  • Christian Sinding 249
  • Leone Sinigaglia 1868- 252
  • David Stanley Smith 1877­ 253
  • Leo Sowerby 1895- 255
  • William Grant Still 1895- 256
  • Albert Stoessel 1894- 258
  • Richard Strauss 1864- 259
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882- 260
  • Edwin J. Stringham 1890- 268
  • Alexander Tansman 1897- 270
  • Deems Taylor 1885- 271
  • Alexander Tcherepnine 1899- 273
  • Nikolai Tcherepnine 1873- 275
  • Virgil Thomson 1896- 276
  • Ernest Toch 1887- 278
  • Vincenzo Tommasini 1880- 279
  • Joaquin Turina 1882. 281
  • Edgar Varèse 1885- 283
  • Ralph Vaughan-Williams 1872- 284
  • Hector Villa-Lobos 1886- 286
  • H. Waldo-Warner 1874- 288
  • William Walton 1902- 290
  • Anton Webern 1883- 291
  • Kurt Weill 1900- 292
  • Jaromir Weinberger 1896- 295
  • Leo Weiner 1885- 296
  • Adolph Weiss 1891- 298
  • Egon Wellesz 1885- 300
  • Alexander Weprik .1899- 301
  • Riccardo Zandonai 1883- 305
  • Bibliography of Modern Music 309
  • Index 313
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