UNCERTAINTIES. -- THE MISSION OF JOGUES: HE REACHES THE MOHAWKS; HIS RECEPTION; HIS RETURN; HIS SECOND MISSION. -- WARNINGS OF DANGER. -- RAGE OF THE MOHAWKS. -- MURDER OF JOGUES.
THERE is little doubt that the Iroquois negotiators acted, for the moment, in sincerity. Guillaume Couture, who returned with them and spent the winter in their towns, saw sufficient proof that they sincerely desired peace. And yet the treaty had a double defect. First, the wayward, capricious, and ungoverned nature of the Indian parties to it, on both sides, made a speedy rupture more than likely. Secondly, in spite of their own assertion to the contrary, the Iroquois envoys represented, not the confederacy of the five nations, but only one of these nations, the Mohawks: for each of the members of this singular league could, and often did, make peace and war independently of the rest.
It was the Mohawks who had made war on the French and their Indian allies on the lower St. Lawrence. They claimed, as against the other Iro-