The principal objective of this work is to explore the problems arising from dynamic information technology (hereafter referred to as IT) in its application to intellectual property rights. In the context of a global marketplace of ideas, it appears as if political boundaries and the sovereignty of the nation-state are disappearing, making it increasingly difficult to scrutinize infringement on the many facets of intellectual property closely. This is particularly true in the case of computer software, the focus of this study. In a world of "computer hackers" and instantaneous transborder data flows (TBDFs), how successful are the laws to protect the owners and producers of computer software? As this work shows, there are legal and institutional factors that both constrict and facilitate the free flow of computer-based information.
For the free flow of transborder information, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) developed guidelines to promote access to data and to seek transparency in regulatory policies relating to computerized communications and thereby promoted harmonized solutions. No such guidelines are present to prevent piracy of information. There is no institutional framework in existence to guide international trust in generating and producing software programs that are not open to domestic and international piracy.