tempted to discuss the possibility of personal survival after death, or the relation of the notion of personal identity to the religious notions of personal immortality and bodily resurrection.
This book grew out of my doctoral dissertation, which was presented to Cornell University in 1958. A paper based on it was read at a symposium on self-identity at the meetings of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association in 1959, and printed, together with Terence Penelhum's contribution to the symposium, in the Journal of Philosophy, LVI ( October 22, 1959). Brief portions of that paper are incorporated into the present work, and I am grateful to the editors of the Journal of Philosophy for permission to reproduce them here. The present version was written mainly during 1960-1961, when I held the Santayana Fellowship at Harvard.I wish to express my thanks to Harvard University for this fellowship, to the Harvard Philosophy Department for their kind hospitality during my year in Cambridge, and to the Cornell Graduate School for a grant covering the cost of the final typing of the manuscript.The earliest versions of this work were read by Professor Norman Malcolm, to whom I am extremely grateful for his many valuable criticisms and for his constant encouragement.I am also grateful to other friends and colleagues who have read and criticized portions of the manuscript or discussed with me the ideas in it; special thanks are due Edmund Gettier, Carl Ginet, Norman Kretzmann, and Nelson Pike.Finally, I wish to thank Professor Max Black, editor of this series, for his encouragement and helpful advice.For whatever inadequacies and mistakes are contained in this work I am of course entirely responsible.
Ithaca, New York