and the triumph of important gains for women's citizenship rights.If, in the end, they could not resolve the fundamental questions of women's identity that bedeviled them, they were in good company. Their nineteenth-century predecessors had experienced no better luck. Not surprisingly, the issues that they did not resolve continued to frame the debate over freedom and equality during subsequent decades. For the moment, however, the energy that had infused the drive for women's equality for nearly half a century seemed stalled, the woman's movement paralyzed by its own involvement in the politics of mutual recrimination. It would take another generation and a dramatically altered set of social and economic conditions before the active pursuit of gender equality would resume.