The research on which this book is based was sponsored by the Office of Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA), and Resources for the Future (RFF). We would like to thank Christine Augustyniak, the project officer at EPA during early stages of the report, and Paul R. Portney, RFF's vice president, for financial support from their respective organizations and for their intellectual support. Barbara S. Glenn served as our consultant on understanding the chemistry of toxic substances.
Nishkam S. Agarwal, the project officer at EPA during final stages of the report, provided extensive direction, and many of his comments are included verbatim in this study.
Numerous additional individuals have given us helpful advice and comments, including Robert Lee II and Jean E. Parker, EPA; Richard P. Theroux, Office of Management and Budget; and Frank S. Arnold and Frances G. Sussman, ICF Consulting Associates, Inc. A variety of experts in industry and at other organizations have patiently shared observations about the chemical industry in general or contributed hours of knowledge about the specific toxic substances we consider in this research. These include Karen L. Florini, Environmental Defense Fund; John F. Murray, Formaldehyde Institute; William H. McCredie, National Particleboard Association; Stephen P. Risotto, Halogenated Solvents Industry Alliance; Cheryl O. Morton, Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association, Inc.; Katy A. Wolf, Institute for Research and Technical Assistance; Brenda D. Pulley, National Association of Chemical Recyclers; and Douglas G. Bannerman and Frederick E. Nicholson, National Electrical Manufacturers Association.
We also thank several anonymous reviewers recruited between the first and final drafts of the study. We incorporated many of their suggestions, to the substantial benefit of the study.