Proceedings of CSCL '97: The Second International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning, December 10-14, 1997, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

By Rogers Hall; Naomi Miyake et al. | Go to book overview
Not all notes are read equally. A few notes get next to no attention, while a few notes get a lot of attention.
Students tend to read the most recently written notes. Access in CaMILE, as in other information ecologies, tends to be spikey.
These lessons can inform designers of new CSCL tools:
If more participation is desired, it must be explicitly encouraged-either through classroom practice (e.g., requiring use, providing a context for use) or through features such as synchronous collaboration.
If sustained conversation is desired, anchoring collaboration to objects of interest, use of multimedia in notes and anchors, and providing persistent notes and threads may lead to longer threads of discussion.
Ways of accessing notes of interest or notes that you want students to read are useful. Students inclination seems to be for the most recent notes. Indexes to recent notes are useful. Mechanisms to highlight or index useful notes may encourage broader use of notes.

As networking technologies continue to improve and large information spaces such as the WWW are created and utilized, theory of information ecologies can be expected to develop. CSCL forums are also information ecologies, in some ways unique from general access on the WWW but in other ways quite similar. As we better understand the information ecologies of CSCL forums, we can better design and use these facilities in order to better facilitate learning.


Acknowledgments

This research was funded by the National Science Foundation through grants RED-9550458 and CDA- 9414227.


References

[1] M. Scardamalia, C. Bereiter, R. McLean, J. Swallow, and E. Woodruff, "Computer-supported intentional learning environments," Journal of Educational Computing Research, vol. 5, pp. 51-68, 1989.

[2] S. K. Card, G. G. Robertson, and W. York, "The WebBook and the Web Forager: An information workspace for the World-Wide Web," in CHI96 Conference Proceedings, M. J. Tauber, Ed. Vancouver, BC: ACM, 1996, pp. 11-117.

[3] J. Pitkow and P. Pirolli, "Life, Death, and Lawfulness on the Electronic Frontier," in CHI97 Conference Proceedings, S. Pemberton, Ed. Atlanta, GA: ACM, 1997, pp. 383-390.

[4] S. Hsi and C. M. Hoadley, "Productive discussion in science: Gender equity through electronic discourse," Journal of Science Education and Technology, vol. 6, pp. 23-36, 1997.

[5] J. R. Davis and D. P. Huttenlocher, "Shared Annotation for Cooperative Learning," in CSCL'95 Proceedings, J. L. Schnase and E. L. Cunnius, Eds. Bloomington, IN: Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates, 1995, pp. 84-88.

[6] D. K. O'Neill, D. C. Edelson, L. M. Gomez, and L. D'Amico , "Learning to Weave Collaborative Hypermedia into Classroom Practice," in CSCL'96 Proceedings, J. L. Schanse and E. L. Cunnius, Eds. Bloomington, IN: Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates, 1995, pp. 255-258.

[7] M. Guzdial, J. Turns, N. Rappin, and D. Carlson, "Collaborative support for learning in complex domains," in Computer Support for Collaborative Learning (CSCL '95), J. L. Schnase and E. L. Cunnius , Eds. Bloomington, IN: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1995, pp. 157-160.

[8] M. Guzdial, J. L. Kolodner, C. Hmelo, H. Narayanan , D. Carlson, N. Rappin, R. Hübscher, J. Turns , and W. Newstetter, "Computer support for learning through complex problem-solving," Communications of the ACM, vol. 39, 1996.

[9] D. Taylor, "Process metrics for asynchronous concurrent engineering: Communication in an Internet newsgroup," in Proceedings of the 1996 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers in Engineering Conference. Irvine, California: ASME, 1996.

[10] M. Guzdial and J. Turns, "Technological Support for Anchored Collaboration,": Draft, 1997.

[11] M. Guzdial, D. Carlson, and J. Turns, "Facilitating learning design with software-realized scaffolding for collaboration," in Proceedings of the Frontiers in Education Conference: American Society for Engineering Education, 1995.

[12] J. Pitkow, "Characterizing WWW Ecologies," Georgia Institute of Technology, 1997.

[13] A. Bruckman, "Programming for Fun: MUDs as a Context for Collaborative Learning," in Proceedings of the National Educational Computing Conference (NECC'94). Eugene, OR: International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE), 1994.

[14] D. Suthers and A. Weiner, "Groupware for Developing Critical Discussion Skills," in CSCL'95 Proceedings, J. L. Schnase and E. L. Cunnius, Eds. Bloomington, IN: Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates, 1995, pp. 341-348.

[15] D. Wan and P. M. Johnson, "Computer Supported Collaborative Learning using CLARE: The Approach and Experimental Findings," in Proceedings of CSCW'94, R. Furuta and C. Neuwirth, Eds. Chapel Hill, NC: ACM, 1994, pp. 187-198.

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