critical thinking, problem solving, written communication and the ability to work collaboratively ( Uchida, 1996), provided there is accommodation between the instructional requirements of the classroom environment and the known capability of the existing technology.
In the Mission to Mars unit, technology does not simply provide a modern format for practicing basic skills, as it does in many classrooms ( Secules, Cottom, Bray, and Miller, 1997). Students use technology to gather information not found in their school libraries, and write research reports. They create multimedia supports for oral presentations (public displays of knowledge), and discuss their findings with other researchers in their classroom and across the country. Being part of Schools For Thought ( Lamon et al.), a large national project, has provided the necessary institutional support for this undertaking. Having the opportunity to assist teachers and students in the development of technology to assist in the utilization of the World Wide Web has been both challenging and rewarding. Using the theoretical perspective of Koschmann et al. ( 1996) to guide out thinking along the process has been invaluable.
Barron, B. J., Schwartz, D. J., Vye, N. J., Moore, A. , Petrosino, A. J., Zech, L., Bransford, J. D., and CTGV. (in press). "Doing with understanding: lessons from research on problem and project- based learning". Journal of Learning Sciences. J. Kolodnor (Ed.).
Brophy, S. P. ( 1997, April). Managing ill-structured problem spaces within video-based anchors. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Chicago, IL.
Bruer, J. ( 1993). Schools for thought: A science of learning in the classroom. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Collins, A., Greeno, J. G., & Resnick, L. B. ( 1994). "Learning environments". In T. Husen & T. N. Postlewaite (Eds.), International encyclopedia of education ( 2nd ed.). Oxford, U.K.: Pergamon.
Czarnik, J. C., and Hickey, D. T. ( 1997, April). Problem generation in constructive learning environments. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Chicago, IL.
Glaser, R. ( 1994). Application and theory: Learning theory and the design of learning environments. Paper presented at the 23rd International Congress of Applied Psychology, Madrid, Spain, July 1994.
Goldman, S. R., Petrosino, A., Sherwood, R. D., Garrison, S., Hickey, D., Bransford, J. D., & Pellegrino. ( 1996). "Anchoring science instruction in multimedia learning environments". In S. Vosniadou, E. DeCorte & H. Mandl (Eds.), International perspectives on the design of technology-supported learning environments. Hillsdale NJ: :Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Hickey, D. T., Petrosino, A. J., Pellegrino, J. W., Goldman, S. R., Bransford, J. D., Sherwood, R., and CTGV ( 1996). "The Mars mission challenge: A generative, problem-solving, school science environment". In S. Vosniadou, E. De Corte, R. Glaser , & H. Mandl (Eds.), Psychological and educational foundations of technology-based learning environments. Springer-Verlag.
Hmelo, C. E., and Guzdial, M. ( 1996). "Of black and glass boxes: Scaffolding for doing and learning". In D. Edelson & E. Domeshek (Eds.), International conference on the learning sciences, 1996. Charlottesville, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing Education.
Koschmann, T., Kelson, A. C., Feltovich, P. J., and Barrows, H. S. ( 1996). "Computer-supported problem-based learning: A principled approach to the use of computers in collaborative learning". In T. Koschmann (Ed.), CSCL: Theory and practice of an emerging paradigm (pp. 83-124). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Krajcik, J. S., Blumenfeld, P. C., Marx, R. W., and Soloway, E. ( 1994). "A collaborative model for helping teachers learn project-based instruction". Elementary School Journal, 94, 483-497.
Lamon, M., Secules, T., Petrosino, A. J., Hackett, R. , Bransford, J. D., and Goldman, S. R. ( 1996). "Schools for thought: Overview of the project and lessons learned from one of the sites". In L. Schauble and R. Glaser (Eds.) Innovations in learning: New environments for education. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Lincoln, Y. S. & Guba, E. G. ( 1985). Naturalistic Inquiry. Sage Publications: Newberry Park, CA.
Minstrell, J. ( 1989). "Teaching science for understanding". In L. Resnick and L. Klopfer (Eds.), Toward the thinking curriculum: Current cognitive research. 1989 Yearbook of the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (pp. 129-149). Washington, DC: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.