Proceedings of CSCL '97: The Second International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning, December 10-14, 1997, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

By Rogers Hall; Naomi Miyake et al. | Go to book overview

the sharing of ideas, another tool from our research group may be employed to facilitate the cross- classroom discussion.

Another focus will be to determine how JavaCAP can better facilitate reflection and iteration. The authoring portion of JavaCAP is designed to be completed at the conclusion of the design process, to prompt the students to take another look at what they have learned and accomplished within their group. But we see JavaCAP playing an important reflective role throughout the students' design and problem-solving processes. The task of writing a case would be easier on the students if it was a piecemeal, iterative process, rather than a colossal task at the end of a project. Further, the solution and "It's a Wrap" scenes could be more reflective. It is important for students to remember and record their design process, including wrong-turns and other realistic elements that might not appear in a statement of a final, clean solution. We need to find a way to encourage that.

One path to a greater role for the JavaCAP software is to continue our process of integration between JavaCAP and other collaborative tools being developed by the EduTech Institute ( Mark Guzdial et al, 1997). For example, JavaCAP has many elements that would dovetail nicely with the design diaries that we have been developing, and use of JavaCAP could be easily scaffolded through use of the Planning tool in SMILE.

In summary, JavaCAP is playing an important role in encouraging student reflection through collaborative case authoring. The task of case authoring is challenging for students, as are many learning activities. Our hope is to improve integration and guidance (through scaffolding) to ease the complexity and improve the learning benefits of the task.


Acknowledgments

The research reported here was supported by the Woodruff Foundation, the ARPA CAETI Program under contract N66001-95-C-8608, and the McDonnell Foundation.


References

Barrows, H. S. ( 1985). How to design a problem- based curriculum for the preclinical years. NY: Springer.

Domeshek, E. A., & Kolodner, J. L. ( 1992). "A case based design aid for architecture". In J. Gero (Ed.), Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Design.

Guzdial, Mark, Cindy Hmelo, Roland Hübscher, Kris Nagel , Wendy Newstetter, Sadhana Puntambekar, Amnon Shabo, Jennifer Turns, and Janet L. Kolodner ( 1997). "Integrating and Guiding Collaboration: Lessons Learned in Computer- Supported Collaborative Learning Research at Georgia Tech (CSCL '97)", Proceedings for Computer Support for Collaborative Learning 1997.

Guzdial, M. ( 1994). "Software-Realized Scaffolding to Facilitate Programming for Science Learning". Interactive Learning Environments, 4( 1), 1-44.

Hmelo, D. L. Holton, J. K. Allen, and J. L. Kolodner . ( 1996). "Designing for Understanding: Children's Models of Lungs", In Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Mahwah, NJ: LEA.

Hmelo, C. E., Vanegas, J. A., Realff, M., Bras, B., Mulholland, J., Shikano, T. and Guzdial, M. ( 1995). "Technology Support for Collaboration in a Problem-Based Curriculum for Sustainable Technology", in "Computer Support for Collaborative Learning (CSCL '95)", J. L. Schnase and E. L. Cunnius, Eds. Bloomington, IN: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 169-172.

Kolodner, J., and the EduTech Design Project. ( 1995). Design Education Across the Disciplines. Paper presented at the Second Congress on Computing in Civil Engineering, Atlanta, GA.

Kolodner, J. ( 1993). Case Based Reasoning. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.

Kolodner, Janet L., ( 1996). "Educational implications of analogy: A view from case-based reasoning". American Psychologist.

Puntambekar, S., Nagel, K., Hubscher, R., Guzdial, M. , and Kolodner, J. L. ( 1997). "Intra-group and intergroup: An exploration of learning with complementary collaboration tools". In Computer Support for Collaborative Learninb (CSCL '97). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. (this volume).

Rogoff, B. ( 1990). Apprenticeship in Thinking: Cognitive Development in Social Context. New York: Oxford University Press.

Salomon, G., & Perkins, D. N. ( 1989). "Rocky roads to transfer: Rethinking mechanisms of a neglected phenomenon". Educational Psychologists, 24, 113-142.

Scardamalia, M., Bereiter, C. and Lamon, M. ( 1994). "The CSILE Project: Trying to bring the classroom into World 3," in Classroom Lessons: Integrating Cognitive Theory and Classroom Practice, K. McGilly, Ed. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, pp. 201-228.


Author's Addresses

Amnon Shabo, Kris Nagel, Mark Guzdial, Janet Kolodner. EduTech Institute, Georgia Institute of Technology, GCATT Building, 250 14th Street, N.W. Suite #138, Atlanta, GA 30318-0490. amnonh@cc.gatech.edu, kris@cc.gatech.edu, guzdial@cc.gatech.edu, jlk@cc.gatech.edu.

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