Proceedings of CSCL '97: The Second International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning, December 10-14, 1997, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

By Rogers Hall; Naomi Miyake et al. | Go to book overview

Douglas C. Engelbart, the originator of the mouse and hypertext, describing the next frontier said

Projects and task forces aren't enough, and all the tools and technology in the world won't help if people aren't around to extract their lessons and convert them into better ways of getting better. For that, you need to talk about communities. ( Stewart, 1966)

The Shalom pilot is designed without threshold or ceiling, for experts and novices alike. It offers an opportunity to co-construct a shared meaning. Users come to know each others' minds and practice conflict resolution skills like reframing, reflection, and collaborative learning. It proposes interactive conceptual organization and mental mapping for collaboration and community building, skills too many know too little about.


REFERENCES

Bruner, J. ( 1996). The Culture of Education. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Bohm, D. & Edwards M. ( 1991). Changing Consciousness. Exploring the Hidden Source of Social, Political and Environmental Crises Facing Our World. San Francisco: Harper Collins Publishers.

Bolman, L. & Deal, T. E. ( 1991). Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice and Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Brown, J. S. & Duiguid, P. ( 1991). "Organizational learning and communities of practice: Toward a unified view of working, learning and innovation". Organization Science, 2 (1), 40-57.

Cole, M. ( 1997). Cultural Psychology. A Once and Future Discipline. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Dunford, R. W. & Palmer, I. C. ( 1994). "Claims about frames: Practitioners assessment of the utility of refraining". Journal of Management Education, 19 (1), 96 - 105.

Gunz, H. P. ( 1995). "Realism and learning in management simulations". Journal of Management Education, 19, (1), 54- 74.

Harel, G. & Morgan, S. ( 1994). "SHALOM/SALAAM: A power simulation of the Middle East peace negotiations". Simulations and Gaming, 25 (2), 285 - 292.

Johnson, D. W. & Johnson, F. P. ( 1997). Joining Together. Group Theory and Group Skills. Sixth Edition. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Kelman, H. C. ( 1997). "Group processes in the resolution of international conflicts: Experiences from the Israeli-Palestinian Case". American Psychologist, 52 (3), 212 - 220.

Kritek, P. B. ( 1994). Negotiating at An Uneven Table. Developing Moral Courage in Resolving Our Conflicts. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Lakoff, G. ( 1987). Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things. What Categories Reveal About the Mind. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Lakoff, G. ( 1993). "The contemporary theory of metaphor". In A. Ortony (Ed.), Metaphor and Thought, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Morgan, G. ( 1986). Images of organization. Beverly Hills, CA:Sage.

Ostwald, J. ( 1996). Knowledge Construction in Software Development. The Evolving Artifact Approach. Doctoral Dissertation, Department of Computer Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder.

Rasmussen, J. L. & Oakley, R. B. ( 1992). Conflict Resolution in the Middle East. Simulating a Diplomatic Negotiation Between Israel and Syria. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace.

Roschelle, J. ( 1995). What should collaborative technology be? A perspective from Dewey and situated learning. Retrieved from the World Wide Web, Tuesday, May 20, 1997 at http://www∼csc195.indiana.edu/csc195/outlook/39 _roschelle.html

Rothman, J. ( 1996). "Reflexive dialogue as transformation". Mediation Quarterly. 13 (4), 345 - 352.

Rothman, J. ( 1997). Resolving Identity-Based Conflict in Nations, Organizations and Communities. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Schon, D. A. ( 1993). "Generative metaphor: a perspective on problem-setting in social policy". In A. Ortony (Ed.), Metaphor and Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Shank, G. ( 1993) "Abductive multiloguing: The semiotic dynamics of navigating the net". Arachnet Electronic Journal on Virtual Culture, 1, (1) p. 1 - 13.

Senge, P. et al ( 1994). The Fifth Discipline Fieldbook. Strategies and Tools for Building a Learning Organization. New York: Doubleday.

Sleek, S. ( 1996). Psychologists build a culture of peace. APA Monitor. Retrieved from the World Wide Web Tuesday April 22, 1997 at http.//www.apa.org/monitor/jan96/peacea.html

Stewart, T. A. ( 1996). Tools that make business better and better. A Silicon Valley legend who invented the mouse and pioneered the Internet now tells us how companies can improve their ability to cope with problems. Fortune, 134, 12. pp. 237

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