Painting of the Golden Age: A Biographical Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century European Painters

By Adelheid M. Gealt | Go to book overview

D

DOLCI, Carlo ( Florence 1616-1686), Italian. Much maligned yet justly famous for his creation of highly polished, richly detailed, and excessively sentimental religious subjects, Carlo Dolci remains something of a paradox. To many, he epitomizes seventeenth-century Italy's intense, exaggerated, and sometimes insincere religious sentiment, yet others contend that he was equally out of step in his own day when most artists working for private patrons painted primarily secular subjects or treated religious subjects less sentimentally. He also deserves recognition as the Florentine exemplar of the idealized "French" manner that gained ascendency in Europe during the second half of the seventeenth century.

A pupil of Jacopo Vignali, Dolci lived and worked in Florence his entire life, with the exception of one trip to Innsbruck in 1672 to paint the portrait of Claudia Felicita on the occasion of her marriage to Leopold I. He was, nonetheless, famous throughout Italy. His biographer, Baldinucci, described Dolci as a child prodigy who by age eleven in 1627 had already come to the attention of the Medici and other nobles. Intensely religious, Dolci practiced his devotions under the guidance of the Benedictines, who also became his patrons. When he joined the Accademia del, Disegno in 1648, he, significantly enough, painted a portrait of his equally pious predecessor, Fra Angelico. Upon his marriage in 1654, Dolci reportedly had to be dragged away from his devotions to begin his honeymoon. He inscribed the backs of many of his pictures with religious hieroglyphs referring to Saints' days and years, to indicate the commencement or conclusion of a work. To some, he

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Painting of the Golden Age: A Biographical Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century European Painters
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface And Acknowledgments ix
  • List of Artists xv
  • A 1
  • B 12
  • C 80
  • D 167
  • E 194
  • F 202
  • G 221
  • H 253
  • J 290
  • K 298
  • L 310
  • M 355
  • N 407
  • O 416
  • P 424
  • R 466
  • S 524
  • T 580
  • U 593
  • V 596
  • W 638
  • Z 652
  • Appendix: - Artists by Nationality 661
  • Museum Abbreviations 673
  • Bibliography 681
  • Index 743
  • About the Author 771
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