Painting of the Golden Age: A Biographical Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century European Painters

By Adelheid M. Gealt | Go to book overview

E

EECKHOUT, Gerbrand van den ( Amsterdam 1621-1674), Dutch. Eeckhout's place in the history of art remains the subject of debate among scholars. Placed in the orbit of Rembrandt,* Eeckhout's contribution to genre is generally accepted but he is criticized for failing to reach Rembrandt's heights in history painting. His shortcomings as a profound dramatist are most noted in his large-scale works, while his smaller examples have earned him distinction as Rembrandt's truest follower. Critical in that vein is Christ in the Synagogue of Nazareth (signed and dated 1658, Dublin, National Gallery of Ireland), which is considered his most successful painting in Rembrandt's manner.

Son of the goldsmith Jan Pietersz van den Eeckhout, Gerbrand, according to Houbraken,* was one of Rembrandt's favorite pupils and closest friends. The exact date of his apprenticeship is not known, though some sources state he started at age fourteen ( 1635), and it is generally accepted that he was with Rembrandt until about 1640. He was a contemporary of Ferdinand Bol* and Govert Flinck.*

Despite his devotion to Rembrandt, Eeckhout responded to a number of other stylistic sources, including Goltzius* and especially Pieter Lastman.* Flinck and Jan Lievens* are also cited as influences, and in certain paintings the Flemish manner was adopted (particularly in occasional large-scale works). He seems to have been one of Rembrandt's few pupils to handle large canvases. The majority of his works are histories in which he followed Rembrandt's types, but not necessarily his models. However, Eeckhout was

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Painting of the Golden Age: A Biographical Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century European Painters
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface And Acknowledgments ix
  • List of Artists xv
  • A 1
  • B 12
  • C 80
  • D 167
  • E 194
  • F 202
  • G 221
  • H 253
  • J 290
  • K 298
  • L 310
  • M 355
  • N 407
  • O 416
  • P 424
  • R 466
  • S 524
  • T 580
  • U 593
  • V 596
  • W 638
  • Z 652
  • Appendix: - Artists by Nationality 661
  • Museum Abbreviations 673
  • Bibliography 681
  • Index 743
  • About the Author 771
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