Painting of the Golden Age: A Biographical Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century European Painters

By Adelheid M. Gealt | Go to book overview

G

GARGIULO, Domenico (called Micco Spadaro) ( Naples 1609/10-1675), Italian. The leading Neapolitan landscape specialist, Gargiulo produced a variety of landscapes ranging from wild and evocative landscapes, similar to Rosa's* romantic images, to idyllic pastorals reminiscent of Poussin.* Contemporary events set in recognizable parts of the city and countryside as well as historic presentations of the migrations of Old Testament patriarchs, animals, and their retinues such as those popularized by Castiglione* all reflect the breadth of Gargiulo's interests.

Nicknamed "Spadaro" after his father's trade as a swordsmith, Micco lived in Naples his entire life. Antonio Vaccaro is said to have taught Gargiulo life drawing. He entered Aniello Falcone's* shop in 1628, working there with C. Coppola, Andrea di Lione, and Salvator Rosa. According to De Domenici, Gargiulo and Rosa worked closely together in Falcone's shop, painting landscapes from nature. His figures of travelers, peasants, and bandits were similar to those created by the Dutch Bamboccianti, suggesting that Gargiulo might have gone to Rome in the mid-1630s, where he would have seen paintings by Cerquozzi,* Sweerts,* Miel, and others. Gargiulo may simply have been aware of such Neapolitan collectors as Van den Einden and Roomer; they had assembled bambocciate paintings, which Gargiulo might have seen.

He also cast an appreciative eye at the classicizing landscapes of Poussin and the work of Paul Bril.* When Filippo Napolitano arrived in Naples in 1627/28 he probably reinforced Gargiulo's inclination toward

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Painting of the Golden Age: A Biographical Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century European Painters
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface And Acknowledgments ix
  • List of Artists xv
  • A 1
  • B 12
  • C 80
  • D 167
  • E 194
  • F 202
  • G 221
  • H 253
  • J 290
  • K 298
  • L 310
  • M 355
  • N 407
  • O 416
  • P 424
  • R 466
  • S 524
  • T 580
  • U 593
  • V 596
  • W 638
  • Z 652
  • Appendix: - Artists by Nationality 661
  • Museum Abbreviations 673
  • Bibliography 681
  • Index 743
  • About the Author 771
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