Painting of the Golden Age: A Biographical Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century European Painters

By Adelheid M. Gealt | Go to book overview

L

LAER (Laar), Pieter van (Il Bamboccio) ( Haarlem 1599-Haarlem? 1642?), Dutch. Most famous for lending his nickname to a movement of genre painters that flourished in Rome during the first half of the seventeenth century, Pieter van Laer is also increasingly recognized as an innovator in the development of landscape painting. Now regarded as the first Dutch painter to increase the scale of hills, trees, and other elements of the landscape relative to the overall composition, van Laer thus made fundamental contributions to two types of paintings, genre and landscape, during his lifetime.

Born Pieter Bodding van Laer in Haarlem, van Laer's birthdate is now established as 1599, since his baptismal record has been published, correcting earlier sources that give his birth around 1595. We have no documents for his youth in Holland, but it is speculated that he studied first with Esaias van de Velde* before traveling to Italy. Certainly van de Velde's approach to landscape influenced him. Around 1625 van Laer arrived in Rome, where he lived until 1639. There his rather misshapen body earned him the nickname II Bamboccio (the rag doll, or the fat crippled one). His friendships with Herman van Swanevelt,* Sandrart, and Claude Lorrain* were important, as was his leadership among the Schildersbent (birds of a feather), a raucous organization of foreign (principally Netherlandish) painters established around 1620 by Cornelis van Poelenburgh* and Bartholomeus Breenbergh.* Upon joining the group, van Laer quickly became influential and the new subject he treated (the street life in Rome,

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Painting of the Golden Age: A Biographical Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century European Painters
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface And Acknowledgments ix
  • List of Artists xv
  • A 1
  • B 12
  • C 80
  • D 167
  • E 194
  • F 202
  • G 221
  • H 253
  • J 290
  • K 298
  • L 310
  • M 355
  • N 407
  • O 416
  • P 424
  • R 466
  • S 524
  • T 580
  • U 593
  • V 596
  • W 638
  • Z 652
  • Appendix: - Artists by Nationality 661
  • Museum Abbreviations 673
  • Bibliography 681
  • Index 743
  • About the Author 771
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