THE present monograph, which was originally written in English, was begun if not before, at least simultaneously with, Mr. W. B. Yeats's Synge and the Ireland of his Time, issued by the Cuala Press on July 26, 1911. It was sent in ( May 28, 1912) and received with the "mention trés honorable" ( June 22, 1912) as a thesis in fulfilment of the requirements for the "Diplôme d'Études Supérieures," Paris University.Mr. P. P. Howe 's or. M. Synge: A Critical Study ( London: Martin Secker; New York: Mitchell Kennerley), Mr. Francis Bick ley 's J. M. Synge and the Irish Dramatic Movement ( London: Constable; Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin) and Mr. Cornelius Weygandt's Irish Plays and Playwrights (same publishers) came out respectively on June 7, September 30, 1912, and February 14, 1913. During my stay at Coole Park in July, 1913, Lady Gregory most kindly allowed me to read the manuscript of her forthcoming book, Our Irish Theatre: A Chapter of dutobiography, which Putnams are bringing out in the Autumn.