Because every major project of this sort relies at times on the effort of a group of supporters, advisers, consolers, and consultants, the author would like to take this opportunity to express his thanks to all those who helped make this group effort successful. Chief among my supporters and consolers is my wife, Holly, who endured much in the eighteen years since the research was first initiated, abandoned, and finally resumed again. My parents also inspired my early interest in the period, and my sister, Ann White Pulley gave tirelessly of her time and talents to prepare the first draft more than a decade ago. In addition to those cited in the references, there were numerous others who encouraged the project and helped to provide insight into the people, events, and mood of the era under study. Special thanks are due to Drs. Maurice R. Berube, Peter Stewart, James Sweney, and Ulysses V. Spiva, all of Old Dominion University, for their guidance and assistance during various phases of the project.