Pride and Prejudice: School Desegregation and Urban Renewal in Norfolk, 1950-1959

By Forrest R. White | Go to book overview

8
A Very Massive Resister

The people had spoken, or so it seemed; the message of their mandate was, however, indistinct. On the one hand, they appeared to endorse a continuation of the school-closing strategy to avoid court-ordered integration; on the other hand, they gave no indication of just how long they would support this tactic. The message was clouded by the fact that as yet no one had really suffered greatly from the closings: Tutoring groups and the heightened sense of shared emergency had helped to mask the fact that the burden of Massive Resistance had fallen disproportionately upon the young, poor, and transient populations not represented in the established electorate. The people had not, as spokesmen for the Defenders claimed, endorsed Massive Resistance: The tutoring groups and the dismal patronage drawn to the Tidewater Education Foundation's segregated private academies gave substantial testimony to the fact that Norfolk parents wanted the education of their children to continue in the public realm. If there was any significance at all to the election, and any meaning to the events that fall that preceded the contest, it was that most citizens were still waiting for some sort of dramatic action that would resolve the crisis--the scenarios pro-

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Pride and Prejudice: School Desegregation and Urban Renewal in Norfolk, 1950-1959
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Prologue: Norfolk Before 1950 xix
  • 1- Planning the New Norfolk xxvii
  • 2- Premonitions of Crisis 35
  • 3- First Reactions to Brown 57
  • 4- The Bulldozer Era 85
  • 5- Redevelopment Rationales 121
  • 6- Prelude to Confrontation 151
  • 7- In Pursuit of a Mandate 175
  • 8- A Very Massive Resister 199
  • 9- A Second School Crisis 231
  • 10- Conclusion 245
  • Abbreviations 301
  • Glossary 303
  • Bibliography 309
  • Index 337
  • About the Author 345
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