to part with the rings, at Antonio's urging Bassanio yields and sends Graziano after Portia with his ring (4.1.445-50). We do not see how Nerissa gets the ring from Graziano, who shows her the way to Shylock's house to deliver his deed of gift to Lorenzo and Jessica, but it is she who first denounces her husband for having given the ring away (5.1.141-65). What follows is an object lesson to the husbands, teaching them to respect more completely the vows they make to their wives and, by implication, all of the bonds that unite them as husband and wife. By accepting Antonio's pledge of his soul to guarantee Bassanio's honor, Portia also establishes the priorities she feels are necessary for her future household.
Like any literary artifact, a Shakespearean play is a complex structure that uses a variety of techniques. Thematic and dramatic struc