Clinical Implications of Attachment

By Jay Belsky; Teresa Nezworski | Go to book overview

(this volume). Basic to this effort is the notion, articulated earlier, that the parent-infant relationship is embedded in a family system comprised of individuals and the marital relationship. This conceptualization, when coupled with the findings emerging from the analyses reported herein, lead us to focus upon the mother's own psychological needs, the interpretations she makes of her infant's behavior, and the nature of her relationship with her spouse and her friends and relatives. The task as we see it is to recognize the mother as a psychological agent in her own right-- apart from her role as mother or wife--and then deal with her family and extrafamilial relationships in the context of such understanding.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Work on this chapter and the research reported herein were supported by grants from the National Science Foundation (No. SES-8108886), the National Institute of Mental Health (No. R01MH39740-01), the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation (Social and Behavior Science Branch, No. 12-64), and by an NIMH Research Scientist Development Award (K02-MH00486) to the first author. The authors would like to thank Alan Sroufe, Jack Bates, and Jerome Kagan for their thoughtful comments on earlier drafts of this chapter.


REFERENCES

Ainsworth M. D. S. ( 1972). "Attachment and dependency: A comparison". In J. L. Gewirtz (Ed.), Attachment and dependency. Washington, DC: V. H. Winson & Sons.

Ainsworth M. D. S., Bell S. M., & Stayton D. J. ( 1974). Infant-mother attachment and social development: "Socialization" as a product of reciprocal responsiveness to signals. In M. P. M. Richards (Ed.), The integration of a child into a social world. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

Ainsworth M. D. S., Blehar M. C., Waters E., & Wall S. ( 1978). Patterns of attachment. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Ainsworth M. D. S., & Wittig B. ( 1969). Attachment and exploratory behavior of one-year-olds in a strange situation. In B. M. Foss (Ed.), Determinants of infant behavior (Vol. 4). London: Methuen.

Barglow P., & Hoffman M. ( 1985, May). Mother's effect upon oral phase ego development and attachment. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychoanalytic Society, Denver.

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Clinical Implications of Attachment
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • Contributors xiii
  • Preface xv
  • I General Issues 1
  • 1: Clinical Implications of Attachment 3
  • References 15
  • 2: The Role of Infant-Caregiver Attachment in Development 18
  • Acknowledgment 30
  • Appendix: Attachment, Patterns of Adaptation, Continuity and Change 30
  • References 35
  • II Determinants of Attachment Security and Insecurity 39
  • 3: Maternal, Infant, and Social-Contextual Determinants of Attachment Security 41
  • Appendix: Attachment, Patterns of Adaptation, Continuity and Change 88
  • 4: Maternal Antecedents of Attachment Quality 95
  • Introduction 131
  • Appendix: Attachment, Patterns of Adaptation, Continuity and Change 132
  • 5: Relationships at Risk 136
  • Acknowledgments 164
  • References 164
  • References 167
  • III Consequences of Attachment Security and Insecurity 175
  • 6: Attachment and the Ontogeny of Conduct Problems 177
  • References 210
  • Summary and Conclusions 241
  • References 246
  • References 246
  • 8: Attachment and the Development of Behavior Problems 253
  • References 295
  • 9: Avoidance and Its Relation to Other Defensive Processes 300
  • Acknowledgments 318
  • References 318
  • IV Clinical Applications 325
  • 10: Clinical Applications of Attachment Theory 327
  • References 348
  • 11: Intervention in Insecure Infant Attachment 352
  • References 382
  • 12: A Clinical Approach to Attachment 387
  • References 415
  • Author Index 425
  • Subject Index 435
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