(this volume). Basic to this effort is the notion, articulated earlier, that the parent-infant relationship is embedded in a family system comprised of individuals and the marital relationship. This conceptualization, when coupled with the findings emerging from the analyses reported herein, lead us to focus upon the mother's own psychological needs, the interpretations she makes of her infant's behavior, and the nature of her relationship with her spouse and her friends and relatives. The task as we see it is to recognize the mother as a psychological agent in her own right-- apart from her role as mother or wife--and then deal with her family and extrafamilial relationships in the context of such understanding.
Work on this chapter and the research reported herein were supported by grants from the National Science Foundation (No. SES-8108886), the National Institute of Mental Health (No. R01MH39740-01), the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation (Social and Behavior Science Branch, No. 12-64), and by an NIMH Research Scientist Development Award (K02-MH00486) to the first author. The authors would like to thank Alan Sroufe, Jack Bates, and Jerome Kagan for their thoughtful comments on earlier drafts of this chapter.
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