Clinical Implications of Attachment

By Jay Belsky; Teresa Nezworski | Go to book overview

6
Attachment and the
Ontogeny of Conduct Problems

Mark T. Greenberg Matthew L. Speltz University of Washington


INTRODUCTION

The conduct problems of young children have become a focus of recent research within child clinical psychology, perhaps because of their potential to predict future maladjustment. Although the relationship between early conduct and later adjustment is complex and mediated by a variety of developmental and situational variables ( Loeber, 1982), the notion that chronic problem behavior in early childhood portends future problem behavior, emotional instability, and delinquency in adolescence and adulthood is supported by several longitudinal studies (e.g., Olweus, 1979; Robins, 1966). The term conduct problem has not been defined with great precision for young children but is generally used to summarize a collection of antisocial behaviors including aggressiveness, chronic noncompliance, intense and immature emotional responses to limits (e.g., tantrums) and early forms of delinquency (e.g., stealing and lying). Although the summary labels for these behaviors vary considerably among researchers and clinicians (see Quay, 1979; Robinson, 1985), all refer to a behavioral pattern of strong child opposition to the rules of family, school, and/or community, a pattern that is often first observed clinically during the preschool years within parent-child dyads.

The apparent predictive power of early conduct problems has led clinicians to develop a variety of treatment regimens for use with the preschool child, and in some cases with his or her parent. This focus on secondary prevention stems from the hope that interventions with incipient forms of antisocial behavior during the preschool years may prove more effective

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Clinical Implications of Attachment
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • Contributors xiii
  • Preface xv
  • I General Issues 1
  • 1: Clinical Implications of Attachment 3
  • References 15
  • 2: The Role of Infant-Caregiver Attachment in Development 18
  • Acknowledgment 30
  • Appendix: Attachment, Patterns of Adaptation, Continuity and Change 30
  • References 35
  • II Determinants of Attachment Security and Insecurity 39
  • 3: Maternal, Infant, and Social-Contextual Determinants of Attachment Security 41
  • Appendix: Attachment, Patterns of Adaptation, Continuity and Change 88
  • 4: Maternal Antecedents of Attachment Quality 95
  • Introduction 131
  • Appendix: Attachment, Patterns of Adaptation, Continuity and Change 132
  • 5: Relationships at Risk 136
  • Acknowledgments 164
  • References 164
  • References 167
  • III Consequences of Attachment Security and Insecurity 175
  • 6: Attachment and the Ontogeny of Conduct Problems 177
  • References 210
  • Summary and Conclusions 241
  • References 246
  • References 246
  • 8: Attachment and the Development of Behavior Problems 253
  • References 295
  • 9: Avoidance and Its Relation to Other Defensive Processes 300
  • Acknowledgments 318
  • References 318
  • IV Clinical Applications 325
  • 10: Clinical Applications of Attachment Theory 327
  • References 348
  • 11: Intervention in Insecure Infant Attachment 352
  • References 382
  • 12: A Clinical Approach to Attachment 387
  • References 415
  • Author Index 425
  • Subject Index 435
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