Clinical Implications of Attachment

By Jay Belsky; Teresa Nezworski | Go to book overview

pattern of findings that suggests that researchers should proceed with increased awareness of the possible role of defensive processes. It is particularly important to consider whether individuals with an avoidant organization have tendencies to dismiss attachment, to idealize self and other, or to mask negative emotions. These tendencies, which may operate selectively with regard to attachment organization, can conceivably influence the measurement of constructs related to attachment. The connection between attachment organization and defensive processes can have important implications not only for methodology, but for theory and clinical practice as well. The study of this connection opens up new research opportunities for collaboration between developmentalists and clinicians.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The authors are grateful to Mary D. Ainsworth, Jay Belsky, Elsie R. Broussard, and Ilo Milton, who provided helpful comments on an earlier draft of this chapter. Preparation of this chapter was supported by the NIMH Postdoctoral Training Grant to the Consortium on Family Process and Psychopathology.


REFERENCES

Ainsworth M. D. ( 1984). "Attachment". In N. S. Endler & J. McV. Hunt (Eds.), Personality and the behavior disorders (Vol. 1, 2nd ed., pp. 559- 602). New York: Wiley.

Ainsworth M., Blehar M., Waters E., & Wall S. ( 1978). Patterns of attachment. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Bell S., & Ainsworth M. D. ( 1972). "Infant crying and maternal responsiveness". Child Development, 43, 1171-1190.

Belsky J., Rovine M., & Taylor D. ( 1984). "The origins of individual differences in infant-mother attachment: maternal and infant contributions". Child Development, 55, 718-728.

Bowlby J. ( 1944). "Forty-four juvenile thieves: Their characters and homelife". International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 25, 19-52, 107-127.

Bowlby J. ( 1960). "Grief and mourning in infancy and early childhood". The psychoanalytic study of the child. Vol. XV. New York: International Universities Press.

Bowlby J. ( 1969). Attachment and loss. Vol. 1: Attachment. New York: Basic Books.

Bowlby J. ( 1973). Attachment and loss. Vol. 2: Separation. New York: Basic Books.

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Clinical Implications of Attachment
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • Contributors xiii
  • Preface xv
  • I General Issues 1
  • 1: Clinical Implications of Attachment 3
  • References 15
  • 2: The Role of Infant-Caregiver Attachment in Development 18
  • Acknowledgment 30
  • Appendix: Attachment, Patterns of Adaptation, Continuity and Change 30
  • References 35
  • II Determinants of Attachment Security and Insecurity 39
  • 3: Maternal, Infant, and Social-Contextual Determinants of Attachment Security 41
  • Appendix: Attachment, Patterns of Adaptation, Continuity and Change 88
  • 4: Maternal Antecedents of Attachment Quality 95
  • Introduction 131
  • Appendix: Attachment, Patterns of Adaptation, Continuity and Change 132
  • 5: Relationships at Risk 136
  • Acknowledgments 164
  • References 164
  • References 167
  • III Consequences of Attachment Security and Insecurity 175
  • 6: Attachment and the Ontogeny of Conduct Problems 177
  • References 210
  • Summary and Conclusions 241
  • References 246
  • References 246
  • 8: Attachment and the Development of Behavior Problems 253
  • References 295
  • 9: Avoidance and Its Relation to Other Defensive Processes 300
  • Acknowledgments 318
  • References 318
  • IV Clinical Applications 325
  • 10: Clinical Applications of Attachment Theory 327
  • References 348
  • 11: Intervention in Insecure Infant Attachment 352
  • References 382
  • 12: A Clinical Approach to Attachment 387
  • References 415
  • Author Index 425
  • Subject Index 435
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