Patrice M. Miller's, Jacob L. Gewirtz's, and Lawrence Kohlberg's work on attachment formed the foundation out of which this chapter grew. My mother, Natalie Consuelo Lamport Commons, did her B.A. thesis at Vassar College on friendship. Her interest in what binds people together and maintains their relationships precedes my own interest in the question. In addition to the editors who spent endless hours trying to clarify the chapter, I thank Maria A. Broderick, Tina A. Grotzer, Sharon A. Stein, and Rebecca M. Young for their editorial comments, suggestions, and stimulation.
Armon C. ( 1984). Ideals of the good life and moral judgment: Ethical reasoning across the life span. In M. L. Commons, F. A. Richards, & C. Armon (Eds.), Beyond formal operations: Volume 1. Late adolescent and adult cognitive development (pp. 357-380). New York: Praeger.
Armon C. ( 1989). Autonomy. Adult Development, Comparisons and Applications of Adolescent and Adult Developmental Models. 1,
Baldwin J. M. ( 1906). Thoughts and things or genetic logic (Volumes 1-3). New York: Macmillian.
Bowlby J. ( 1969). Attachment and loss. Volume 1: Attachment. New York: Basic.
Case R. ( 1985). Intellectual development: Birth to adulthood. Orlando Florida: Academic Press.
Catania A. C. ( 1973). "The psychologies of structure, function and development". American Psychologist, 28, 434-443.
Cavalli-Sforza L. L., & Feldman M. W. ( 1981). Cultural transmission and evolution: A quantitative approach. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Colby A., & Kohlberg L. ( 1987a). The measurement of moral judgment: Vol. 1. Theoretical foundations and research validation. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Colby A., & Kohlberg L. (Eds.). ( 1987b). The measurement of moral judgment: Standard form scoring manuals. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Commons M. L. ( 1985, April). How novelty produces continuity in cognitive development within a domain and accounts for unequal rates of development across domains. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Research on Child Development, Toronto.
Commons M. L., & Armstrong-Roche M. ( 1985, March). When and why the free will illusion occurs. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association at Boston. (Available from the Dare Institute, 234 Huron Ave., Cambridge, MA.)