The amount of publication in this field is enormous, and the purpose of this selection is to mention important works, usually recent, which will take further the discussion of subjects considered in the text. For reasons of space I have not included books which were of importance in the development of a topic if they no longer provide a natural starting-point for the student; nor have I normally attempted to cover editions of sources. English translations of modern works are shown under the date of their publication in this country. In every section I have tried to include at least one work with a substantial bibliography of its own. Some important periodicals and records series may be found in the list of Abbreviations at the beginning of the book.
Medieval church history.The most obvious starting-point for those interested in the detailed history of the medieval church is H. Jedin and J. Dolan (eds.), History of the Church: vol. iii, The Church in the Age of Feudalism, by F. Kempf and others; iv, From the High Middle Ages to the Eve of the Reformation, by H.-G. Beck and others ( London, 1980). Older but still of great value are vols. vii-x of A. Fliche and V. Martin (eds.), Histoire de l'église depuis les origines jusqu'à nos jours ( Paris, 1939-).A valuable handbook is H. Jakobs, Kirchenreform und Hochmittelalter ( Munich-Vienna, 1984). There is a brief survey of interest by D. Knowles and D. Obolensky, "The Christian Centuries": vol. ii, The Middle Ages( London, 1969), and a brilliant one by R. W. Southern, Western Society and the Church in the Middle Ages ( Harmondsworth, 1970). K. A. Fink's book, Papsttum und Kirche im abendländischen Mittelalter is intermittent in coverage but outstanding on what it does cover. For a broad introduction to medieval religious attitudes, the reader could not do better than to begin with B. Hamilton, Religion in the Medieval West( London, 1986). The famous collection of materials by G. G. Coulton , Five Centuries of Religion, 4 vols. ( Cambridge, 1923-50), gives a good if selective impression of the attitudes of contemporaries in their own words.
The medieval world-view. Historians since the Second World War (and in some cases before it) have moved away from the history of events and