Pre-Roman and Roman Winchester - Vol. 2

By Giles Clarke; J. L. MacDonald et al. | Go to book overview

TABLE 1 Key to Table 2
General conventions on Table 215 Position of legs
-- Not present G. Grave S straight B bent
x Uncertain F. Feature C crossed F flexed
U Unexcavated
L. Left Uncertain entries in italics 16 Position of arms
R. Right Find numbers in bold a both straight e both on waist or chest
b left bent f left more bent than
1 Grave-number. Numbers omitted were not assigned
to any grave.
c right bent    right
d both slightly bent g right more bent than
   left
2 Status of the Grave 17 Position of skull
I intact, fully excava-
  ted
E empty S on back/face R on right side
C cremation L on left side D decapitated
P partially excavated X excavation unsatisfac-
    tory
D destroyed 18 Coffin: presence or
      absence
3, 4, 5, and 6 Vertical stratigraphy
C definitely present -- not present
4 and 6 Status of the intersections ? uncertain
a skeleton of earlier grave over-lain/cut through
   by later grave
19 Coffin-nails
Number in each type, their length (mm) and their
width (mm)
b conclusion clearly demonstrable from
   excavation records
c conclusion inadequately recorded 20 Coffin type
d some evidence for conclusion R nails equally
   distributed
   between corners
H more nails at head
e a guess F more nails at feet
m involving grave mound(s) R more nails on right
   side
7 Alignment, in degrees relative to True North I nails unequally dis-
   tributed between
   corners
L more nails on left side
8 Depth (cm) S step-grave E nails evenly distributed
CF coffin fittings O nails only at corners
9 Pit-corners x evidence unreliable
A well-shaped C rounded 21 Packing
B less well-shaped D irregular
22 Hobnails
10 Pit-sides
E smoothed G unsmoothed 23 Grave-furniture. Find numbers in bold
11 Skeletal preservation 24 Notes. Find numbers in bold
a almost perfect d only major bones left 25 Stratigraphy (pp. 119-20)
b slight decomposi -
   tion
e skull and legs only
f almost entirely decom -
  posed
26 Datable objects
c smaller bones deca-
   cayed
27 and 28 Date
12 Age 28 Criteria used in dating the grave
A adult I infant C coin(s) pt pottery
C child Neo neonatal HS horizontal
      stratigraphy
GF grave furnishing
13 Sex VS vertical
      stratigraphy
29 cross-reference in col.
     29
M male F female
29 Cross-references
14 Position of body 30 Illustrations
B on back L on left side
F on front R on right side 31 Grave-number

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Pre-Roman and Roman Winchester - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Author's Preface vii
  • Contents ix
  • List of Figures xvii
  • List of Tables xxi
  • List of Abbreviations xxiii
  • Introduction li
  • Part I - The Excavation 1
  • 1 - Circumstances of Excavation 1
  • 2 - Archaeological Background 4
  • 3 - General Character of the Excavation 12
  • 4 - The Graves *
  • 5 - Other Features 96
  • Part II - Analysis 111
  • 1 - Introduction 111
  • 2 - Chronology 113
  • 3 - Age and Sex 123
  • 4 - Cremations 128
  • 5 - Inhumations: The Grave 131
  • 6 - Inhumations: The Grave-Furniture 145
  • 7 - Cemetery Organisation 183
  • Part III - The Finds 201
  • 1: Introduction 201
  • 2 - Coins 202
  • 3 - Pewter Vessels 206
  • 4 - Glass Vessels 209
  • 5 - Pottery Vessels 221
  • 6 - Animal Remains 239
  • 7 - Equipment 246
  • 8 - Cross-Bow Brooches 257
  • 9 - Belts and Belt-Fittings 264
  • 10 - Beads and Necklaces 292
  • 11 - Bracelets 301
  • 12 - Other Personal Ornaments 315
  • 13 - Hobnails and Footwear 322
  • 14 - Miscellaneous Objects 326
  • 15 - Textile Remains 329
  • 16 - Coffin-Nails, Coffin-Fittings, and Coffins 332
  • 17 - Human Skeletons: Preliminary Reports 342
  • 18 - Economic Conclusions 345
  • Part IV - Discussion 347
  • 1 - Late Romano-British Burial Practice 347
  • 2 - Foreign Elements 377
  • 3 - Religion 404
  • Concordances 434
  • Addenda 451
  • Index of Sites 517
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