F RANCES ANNE KEMBLE recorded her stay in the Georgia Sea Islands twenty-two years before the outbreak of the Civil War; her book was the product of the fierce debate over slavery that exercised the minds of men and women on both sides of the Atlantic in the years following the end of the American Revolution. Published in the same year that the slaves were emancipated, her work was designed to contribute to the understanding of the historic struggle then being waged within the United States, to discourage British intervention in that struggle, and to spur the North to victory. Passionate in its denunciation of oppression, the Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation painted a picture of slavery so brutal in its realism that it was unacceptable to Victorian society. Although the Journal enjoyed an intensive wartime fame, it was soon forgotten by the general public and soon out of print. For nearly a hundred years it has led a twilight existence in the secondhand book stores and in the footnotes of professional historians. In this respect it stands in sharp contrast to the contemporary work of Harriet Beecher Stowe. Uncle Tom's Cabin has never, since its first publication in 1852, been out of print nor lost its hold upon the public's attention.