PROJECT FOR A GREAT WESTERN FARM--SEPARATE NATIONALITY OF TEXAS--SLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA--THE SUB-TREASURY--PREËMPTION RIGHTS FOR SETTLERS ON THE PUBLIC LANDS--THE COMMONWEALTH BANK, IN BOSTON--CORRESPONDENCE.
ONE of the effects of Mr. Webster's visit to the West, in the summer of 1837, was to confirm his desire for a great Western farm, and to lead him into other land speculations and projects of investment in that region. His fondness for agriculture, and his knowledge of it, found in that country the scope which they craved; for his preferences in this respect were for broad fields and large operations. He had become the owner of an extensive tract, to which he had given the name of Salisbury, from that of his native town in New Hampshire. This place is in Sangamon County, Illinois, not far from Springfield; on it he had placed, as his agent, Mr. Nathaniel Ray Thomas, a younger son of the family from whom he purchased the Green Harbor estate at Marshfield. After his return to Washington, in the winter and spring of 1838, he was occupied with a project for enlarging this tract, so as to carry out a plan which he had long entertained of making a Western farm of one thousand acres. There he sometimes believed that he should retire finally from professional and public life; sometimes, that he should make it a place of only occasional residence, in order to indulge his love