DIAGNOSIS OF VOCATIONAL FITNESS
In a certain library containing many educational texts, books which are frequently used are placed on open shelves in a large reading room. It is probably a coincidence that the books on vocational and employment psychology are shelved in the diametrically opposite corner from books on educational and vocational guidance, but this chance separation is a very fitting symbol of the actual chasm which exists between the points of view of these two fields. For on the one hand, there are those who approach the problem of vocational fitness as educators with the interests of the individual in mind, ready to help him discover his aptitudes and interests and prepare himself for his work in the world; while on the other hand, there is industry, thinking mainly of profits and of the chance to employ efficient workers at a not too exorbitant wage. In schools, the interests of the individual are uppermost, although the schools, in their desire to befriend each pupil in attendance, often sacrifice the efficiency of training that individuals might receive. In business and industry, on the contrary, the individual is frequently given ruthless consideration. Out of the long line of applicants, only those are chosen who can qualify, and the rest must seek elsewhere. When a business or industry no longer needs a man, he is, generally speaking, discharged or turned out. Modern industry lacks responsibility toward the worker.
This heartlessness, this impersonality, of industry will