The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799 - Vol. 6

By George Washington; John C. Fitzpatrick | Go to book overview

I think the Stores should go towards Lancaster instead of Christeen Bridge, unless they can be water borne (at this time to the Bridge) and readily transported from thence into the Country; Should not this be the case may they not easily be seized at Christeen? I think they may; but this matter should be inquired into.

I am sorry Colo. Griffin has left the Jerseys, some active Officer of Influence, ought in my opinion, to repair there to inspirit the people, and keep the Militia from disbanding, and if possible to encourage them to assemble.

Let me know the exact State and Strength of the Militia with you, that I may know how to govern myself, also of the expectation you have of more coming in. I am &ca.

[P. S. If a Party of Militia from Philadelphia could be sent over to support the Jersey Militia about Mt. Holly would it not serve to prevent them from Submission? I wish you could get Colo. Forman, and endeavour in my name to prevail upon him to exert himself in this business. I want to see him Myself much on this Acct. Pray send the Letter to Mr. Hancock by Express, if the Post does not set out immediately for Baltimore.]87


To COLONEL JOHN CADWALADER

McKonkey's Ferry,88 Six o'clock P. M., December 25, 1776.

Dear Sir: Notwithstanding the discouraging Accounts I have received from Col. Reed of what might be expected from the Operations below, I am determined, as the Night is favourable,

____________________
86
of necessity, or to bring them off it is can be effected, the party to be provided with drag-ropes for the purpose of dragging off the cannon. General Stephen is to attack and force the enemy's guards and seize such posts as may prevent them from forming in the streets, and in case they are annoyed from the houses to set them on fire. The brigades of Mercer and Lord Stirling, under the command of Major General Greene, to support General Stephen. This is the 2d division or left wing of the army and to march by the way of the Pennington road.

"St. Clair's, Glover's, and Sargent's brigades, under Major General Sullivan, to march by the River Road. This is the first division of the army, and to form the right wing. Lord Stirling's brigade to form the reserve of the left wing, and General St. Clair's brigade the reserve of the right wing. These reserves to form a second line in conjunction, or a second line to each division, as circumstances may require. Each brigadier to make the colonels acquainted with the posts of their respective regiments in the brigade, and the major-generals will inform them of the posts of the brigades in the line. Four pieces of artillery to march at the head of each column; three pieces at the head of the second brigade of each division; and two pieces with each of the reserves. The troops to be assembled one mile back of McKonkey's Ferry, and as soon as it begins to grow dark the troops to be marched to McKonkey's Ferry, and embark on board the boats in following order under the direction of Colonel Knox.

" GeneralStephen's brigade, with the detachment of artillerymen, to embark first; General Mercer's next; Lord Stirling's next; General Fermoy's next, who will march into the rear of the second division and file off from the Pennington to the Princeton road in such direction that he can with the greatest ease and safety secure the passes between Princeton and Trenton. The guides will be the best judges of this. He is to take two pieces of artillery with him. St. Clair's, Glover's, and Sargent's brigades to embark in order. Immediately upon their debarkation, the whole to form and march in subdivisions from the right. The commanding officers of regiments to observe that the divisions be equal and that proper officers be appointed to each. A profound silence to be enjoined, and no man to quit his ranks on the pain of death. Each brigadier to appoint flanking parties; the reserve brigades to appoint the rear-guards of the columns; the head of the columns to be appointed to arrive at Trenton at five o'clock.

" CaptainWashington and Captain Flahaven, with a party of forty men each, to march before the divisions and post themselves on the road about three miles from Trenton, and make prisoners of all going in or coming out of town.

" GeneralStephen will appoint a guard to form a chain of sentries round the landing-place at a sufficient distance from the river to permit the troops to form, this guard not to suffer any person to go in or come out, but to detain all persons who attempt either. This guard to join their brigade when the troops are all over."

87
The draft is in the writing of George Lewis; the P. S., in brackets, is in Washington's writing.
88
Stryker refers to a Johnson's Ferry which he distinguishes as different from McKonkey's, though he does not locate the former, which is given on Hessian maps of the period as John's Ferry. Dr. Carlos E. Godfrey, Director of the Public Record Office of New Jersey, calls attention to the interesting fact that the records under his supervision show that McKonkey's and Johnson's Ferries are identical, Samuel McKonkey owning the ferry rights on the Pennsylvania bank and Garret Johnson those on the New Jersey side.

-440-

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The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799 - Vol. 6
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • United States George Washington Bicentennial Commission iii
  • Advisory Committee on the Writings v
  • Table of Contents vii
  • List of Illustrations xxxi
  • Table of Symbols xxxiii
  • To Major General William Heath 1
  • General Orders 2
  • To the President of Congress 3
  • General Orders 4
  • General Orders 7
  • After Orders 8
  • To Major General Philip Schuyler 9
  • To Colonel Fisher Gay 10
  • To Lieutenant Colonel Henry Beekman Livingston 14
  • General Orders 14
  • To Brigadier General Hugh Mercer 16
  • General Orders 17
  • To Major General William Heath 18
  • To the Committee of Safety of New York 19
  • To Sir William Howe 20
  • General Orders 22
  • General Orders 24
  • To the President of Congress 25
  • To the President of Congress 26
  • To Brigadier General Hugh Mercer 27
  • To Major General William Heath 34
  • To the New York Legislature 34
  • General Orders 35
  • General Orders 36
  • To Richard, Lord Howe 37
  • General Orders 38
  • General Orders 40
  • To Brigadier General Hugh Mercer 42
  • To the President of Congress 43
  • To Robert Morris 44
  • To Major General Philip Schuyler 47
  • To the New York Legislature 47
  • General Orders 48
  • General Orders 49
  • To Major General William Heath 50
  • To the President of Congress 52
  • General Orders 53
  • General Orders 55
  • To the President of Congress 56
  • To Governor Nicholas Cooke 60
  • To Major General William Heath 64
  • To the President of Congress 66
  • To Colonel John Glover 67
  • General Orders 72
  • To Sir William Howe 74
  • General Orders 75
  • To Joseph Trumbull 84
  • General Orders 87
  • To the President of Congress 91
  • To John Augustine Washington 92
  • To Governor Jonathan Trumbull 93
  • To Sir William Howe 97
  • General Orders 102
  • To the President of Congress 103
  • To the President of Congress 105
  • To the President of Congress 106
  • General Orders 116
  • General Orders 119
  • To Major General William Heath 120
  • To Governor Jonathan Trumbull 121
  • To Major General Philip Schuyler 122
  • General Orders 123
  • To the President of Congress 125
  • To Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Campbell 129
  • To Deputy Governor William Bradford 129
  • General Orders 131
  • To the President of Congress 133
  • To the Board of War and Ordnance 134
  • To Lund Washington 135
  • To Brigadier General George Clinton 140
  • To Governor Jonathan Trumbull 141
  • General Orders 142
  • General Orders 144
  • To the President of Congress 147
  • To the President of Congress 151
  • General Orders 157
  • To Brigadier General James Clinton 157
  • To Governor William Livingston 162
  • To Samuel Washington 163
  • General Orders 168
  • General Orders 171
  • To the Comte D'Emery 172
  • To the President of Congress 173
  • General Orders 177
  • To Governor Jonathan Trumbull 178
  • To the President of Congress 180
  • To Joseph Trumbull 182
  • To Major General William Heath 185
  • To Governor Jonathan Trumbull 186
  • General Orders 187
  • General Orders 190
  • To Major General Philip Schuyler 191
  • General Orders 192
  • To the President of Congress 194
  • To Governor Nicholas Cooke 199
  • To Colonel Thomas Tash 204
  • To Major General Artemas Ward 205
  • General Orders 206
  • To Governor Jonathan Trumbull 207
  • To Governor Jonathan Trumbull 208
  • To Lieutenant Colonel Jacob Bayley 210
  • To Governor Nicholas Cooke 212
  • To the New York Legislature 214
  • General Orders 214
  • To Joseph Trumbull 216
  • To Colonel William Mcintosh 217
  • to Joseph Trumbull 219
  • Memorandum 222
  • To Major General Philip Schuyler 222
  • General Orders 225
  • General Orders 226
  • General Orders 228
  • General Orders 232
  • General Orders 232
  • To the Legislature of Massachusetts 233
  • General Orders 235
  • General Orders 236
  • To Doctor William Shippen, Junior 238
  • General Orders 241
  • To the Massachusetts Legislature 242
  • To the Commissioners of Arrangement from Pennsylvania 251
  • General Orders 253
  • To Governor William Livingston 253
  • General Orders 259
  • General Orders 261
  • To Major General Charles Lee 262
  • To Colonel Henry Knox 263
  • To Brigadier General Thomas Mifflin 266
  • To Joseph Trumbull 267
  • To Ezekiel Cheever 268
  • To Governor Jonathan Trumbull 269
  • To the President of Congress 270
  • To the President of Congress 278
  • To the Board of War 279
  • To the Board of War 283
  • To the New York Legislature 284
  • To Major General Charles Lee 287
  • To Governor Jonathan Trumbull 289
  • To John Augustine Washington 291
  • To Colonel Samuel John Atlee 292
  • To Governor William Livingston 301
  • To Governor William Livingston 303
  • To Major General Charles Lee 304
  • To Major General Charles Lee 305
  • To Colonel Samuel Miles 308
  • To Major General Charles Lee 309
  • To Major General William Heath 309
  • To Major General Charles Lee 310
  • To Governor William Livingston 311
  • To Colonel Joseph Reed 312
  • To the President of Congress 314
  • To Major General Charles Lee 318
  • To Governor William Livingston 318
  • To the President of Congress 320
  • To Sir William Howe 321
  • To the President of Congress 322
  • To Captain Nicholas Dietrich, Baron De Ottendorff 324
  • To Major General Charles Lee 324
  • To the President of Congress 326
  • Memorandum for Colonel Richard Humpton 328
  • To Richard Dallam 329
  • To the President of Congress 330
  • To Colonel John Cadwalader 333
  • To Major General William Heath 334
  • To Brigadier General William Maxwell 335
  • To the Pennsylvania Council of Safety 337
  • To Major General Charles Lee 338
  • To the President of Congress 340
  • To Lund Washington 344
  • To Colonel John Cadwalader 345
  • To Major General Charles Lee 347
  • To the President of Congress 348
  • To Governor Jonathan Trumbull 349
  • To the President of Congress 351
  • To Major General William Heath 357
  • To Sir William Howe 359
  • To Doctor William Shippen, Junior 360
  • To Colonel John Cadwalader 361
  • To the President of Congress 362
  • To Governor Jonathan Trumbull 363
  • To Lord Stirling 365
  • To the General Officers 367
  • To Major General Charles Lee 368
  • To Major General Horatio Gates 370
  • To Major General William Heath 373
  • To Brigadier General Benedict Arnold 373
  • To Robert Morris 374
  • To the Pennsylvania Council of Safety 375
  • To the President of Congress 378
  • To the Pennsylvania Council of Safety 379
  • To the New York Legislature 381
  • To Governor Jonathan Trumbull 382
  • To Major General William Heath 385
  • To Colonel Joseph Trumbull 386
  • To the Pennsylvania Council of Safety 390
  • To Major General William Heath 390
  • To Lund Washington 391
  • To Major General Benjamin Lincoln 392
  • To John Augustine Washington 394
  • To the Pennsylvania Council of Safety 396
  • To Colonel Joseph Kirkbride 399
  • To Carpenter Wharton 400
  • To Governor Nicholas Cooke 409
  • To the Massachusetts Legislature 412
  • To Brigadier General William Maxwell 413
  • To Major General William Heath 416
  • To Robert Morris 420
  • To Lewis Gordon64chairman of the Northampton County, Pa., Committee of Safety at Easton. 421
  • To the Colonels of Militia of Northampton County, Pennsylvania 423
  • To the New Hampshire Legislature 424
  • To Major General Joseph Spencer 425
  • To Colonel Samuel Griffin 426
  • To the Commanding Officer of the Massachusetts Militia on Their March to Peekskill 431
  • To the Passamaquoddy Chiefs 431
  • To the St. John's Indians 434
  • To Robert Morris 435
  • To Colonel John Cadwalader 436
  • To Colonel John Cadwalader 438
  • To Robert Morris 440
  • To Major General William Heath 441
  • To Colonel John Cadwalader 444
  • To Major General William Heath 446
  • To Brigadier General Alexander Mcdougall 447
  • To Brigadier General William Maxwell 448
  • To Robert Morris 449
  • To the Pennsylvania Council of Safety 451
  • To Major General Charles Lee 454
  • To Major Theodorick Bland or Officer Commanding Virginia Light Horse 455
  • To Robert Morris 456
  • To Major General William Heath 457
  • To Robert Morris, George Clymer, and George Walton 460
  • To Major William De Hart 463
  • General Orders 465
  • To the President of Congress 466
  • To Major General Israel Putnam 467
  • To Major General William Heath 471
  • To Doctor William Shippen, Junior 472
  • To Robert Morris, George Clymer and George Walton 473
  • To Major General William Heath 475
  • To the President of Congress 476
  • To Lieutenant Colonel John H. Stone 477
  • To Lieutenant Colonel Edward Antill 478
  • To Charles, Earl Cornwallis 479
  • To the Pennsylvania Council of Safety 481
  • To Lieutenant Colonel George Baylor 482
  • To Lieutenant Colonel Gunning Bedford, Junior 483
  • To Ebenezer Hancock 485
  • To Lieutenant Colonel Robert Hanson Harrison 486
  • To the Pennsylvania Council of Safety 487
  • To Lieutenant Colonel Robert Hanson Harrison 491
  • To Colonel John Patton 492
  • To Colonel David Forman 494
  • To Colonel William Grayson 494
  • To Captain Francis Wade 495
  • To Major General William Heath 496
  • To Colonel Thomas Hartley 497
  • To Colonel Samuel Blatchley Webb 498
  • To the Selectmen of the Town of Boston 499
  • To the President of Congress 500
  • To Robert Morris, George Clymer and George Walton 501
  • To Colonel Henry Sherburne 504
  • Index 507
  • Index 509
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