What Predicts Divorce? The Relationship between Marital Processes and Marital Outcomes

By John Mordechai Gottman | Go to book overview

13
Replication and Extension

This chapter explores the replication of the results with another sample, as well as extensions of the results using a new on-line SPAFF system. Effects of the SPAFF marital processes that correlate with the RCISS speaker slopes are explored using the longitudinal effects of marital interaction on children as dependent variables.

Until now, I have discussed the results of Study 1, the DUO83 study. Study 2, the DUO86 study, was designed, in part, to test the replicability of my results. The study also was designed to extend and consolidate previous results. One of its major goals was also the study of the effects of marital conflict on young children.

In this chapter, I discuss the results of this second study. Additional studies are currently underway with two other Seattle cohorts: a replication of DUO86 with 63 couples and a study with 140 newlyweds.

The DUO86 study was only a partial replication of the DUO83 study. Its main purpose was to study the effects of marital conflict on children's emotional and social development. The DUO86 study sampled only the conflict discussion, and it did not employ the same set of questionnaires as the DUO83 study. Like the DUO83 study, DUO86 also included the Oral History Interview, but it focused for the first time in my laboratory on coding the couple's behavior during this interview.


13.1. RAPID CODING OF AFFECT IN THE MARITAL INTERACTION

One of the most serious problems in doing this kind of research is the great deal of time the observations take. Toward the end of streamlining

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