International Handbook on Mental Health Policy

By Donna R. Kemp | Go to book overview

1
An Overview of Mental Health Policy from an International Perspective

Donna R. Kemp

There is much to be learned about mental health policy by looking at what has happened in the past in various countries and how that has changed over time and by looking at the similarities and differences in mental health policy in various countries today. An overview of the chapters in the International Handbook on Mental Health Policy reveals some interesting facts and issues concerning the state of mental health policy in the world.


EXTENT OF THE PROBLEM

Clearly, one of the major problems for the development of mental health policy in countries around the world is the lack of complete and accurate data on mental health on which to base decisions. All countries, even the most developed, have problems with mental health data. In Italy, the world's largest wine producer, reliable statistics on the incidence of alcoholism on a national level have not been available since the passage of Law 180, and estimates must be made from the rates of alcohol-related diseases ( Ghirardelli & Lussetti, chap. 7). In Israel there are no current data on the extent of mental health problems because data are limited to hospital-admission data and a few clinical research studies ( Yishai, chap. 6). In New Zealand also official data consist of the number of psychiatric patients in hospitals and annual rates of first psychiatric admissions and readmissions. Outpatient visits have not been recorded at the national level, and there is no estimate of what percentage of total mental disorders is represented by the psychiatric utilization rates. Thus, while treatment is increasingly occurring in the community, in many countries no national data reflect mental disorders and treatment in the community. For developing countries, this is a problem of enormous proportions. As the authors of the chapter on Argentina write: "After

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International Handbook on Mental Health Policy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xi
  • Foreword xv
  • 1: An Overview of Mental Health Policy from an International Perspective 1
  • 2: Argentina 19
  • 3: Canada 45
  • Notes 65
  • References 65
  • 4: Chile 67
  • 5: India 79
  • References 106
  • 6: Israel 109
  • Notes 134
  • Notes 135
  • 7: Italy 139
  • References 154
  • 8: Japan 159
  • Notes 174
  • 9: Korea 177
  • Notes 195
  • 10: The Netherlands 197
  • Notes 215
  • New Zealand 217
  • 12: Nigeria 253
  • Notes 269
  • Pakistan 273
  • Notes 286
  • 14: People's Republic of China 287
  • Notes 300
  • 15: Romania 303
  • References 329
  • 16: Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States 331
  • References 350
  • References 350
  • 17: Audi Arabia 353
  • References 365
  • 18: Turkey 367
  • References 388
  • 19: The United Kingdom 391
  • References 410
  • 20: The United States 413
  • References 442
  • References 443
  • 21: Zambia 447
  • References 474
  • Index 477
  • About the Contributors 483
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