Angel Fiasche, Abraham Fiszbein, Amy Gorelick , and Martin Fakiel
Argentina is part of the continent of South America and is located, along with Chile, in its southernmost part. Its geography also includes the Malvinas (Falkland) Islands and a part of Antarctica. It has, in an area of 3,600,000 square kilometers (excluding Antarctica), a population of 32 million inhabitants and, consequently, a very low population density. Argentina is somewhat different from its neighboring countries in the cultural and racial composition of its people, that is, in the relationships between its native and immigrant populations, and in its access to the cultural sources of development.
The European component of the Argentine people is a consequence of the massive immigrations to the country, especially from 1860 to 1920. These immigrants were Europeans from the poorest countries, usually those with Latinrooted languages, mostly from Spain and Italy, but also from Portugal. The exchange of habits and lifestyles between these immigrants and the native Indian population in the three major cities of the country ( Buenos Aires, Córdoba, and Rosario) determined the cultural influence over the minority groups that came from other European countries, such as Poland, Russia, France, and England, and some Arab countries, particularly Syria and Lebanon. During this period, and along with these minority groups, other community groups were formed along religious lines. This was the case with the Jewish community, whose members were unified by their common religious and cultural traditions, regardless of the different countries of their origin.
The native population, the product of the joining of the Spanish conquerors with the indigenous Indian people, was initially concentrated in the provinces. During World War II many moved to the three major cities, accompanying the