International Handbook on Mental Health Policy

By Donna R. Kemp | Go to book overview

2
Argentina

Angel Fiasche, Abraham Fiszbein, Amy Gorelick , and Martin Fakiel


OVERVIEW

Argentina is part of the continent of South America and is located, along with Chile, in its southernmost part. Its geography also includes the Malvinas (Falkland) Islands and a part of Antarctica. It has, in an area of 3,600,000 square kilometers (excluding Antarctica), a population of 32 million inhabitants and, consequently, a very low population density. Argentina is somewhat different from its neighboring countries in the cultural and racial composition of its people, that is, in the relationships between its native and immigrant populations, and in its access to the cultural sources of development.

The European component of the Argentine people is a consequence of the massive immigrations to the country, especially from 1860 to 1920. These immigrants were Europeans from the poorest countries, usually those with Latinrooted languages, mostly from Spain and Italy, but also from Portugal. The exchange of habits and lifestyles between these immigrants and the native Indian population in the three major cities of the country ( Buenos Aires, Córdoba, and Rosario) determined the cultural influence over the minority groups that came from other European countries, such as Poland, Russia, France, and England, and some Arab countries, particularly Syria and Lebanon. During this period, and along with these minority groups, other community groups were formed along religious lines. This was the case with the Jewish community, whose members were unified by their common religious and cultural traditions, regardless of the different countries of their origin.

The native population, the product of the joining of the Spanish conquerors with the indigenous Indian people, was initially concentrated in the provinces. During World War II many moved to the three major cities, accompanying the

-19-

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International Handbook on Mental Health Policy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xi
  • Foreword xv
  • 1: An Overview of Mental Health Policy from an International Perspective 1
  • 2: Argentina 19
  • 3: Canada 45
  • Notes 65
  • References 65
  • 4: Chile 67
  • 5: India 79
  • References 106
  • 6: Israel 109
  • Notes 134
  • Notes 135
  • 7: Italy 139
  • References 154
  • 8: Japan 159
  • Notes 174
  • 9: Korea 177
  • Notes 195
  • 10: The Netherlands 197
  • Notes 215
  • New Zealand 217
  • 12: Nigeria 253
  • Notes 269
  • Pakistan 273
  • Notes 286
  • 14: People's Republic of China 287
  • Notes 300
  • 15: Romania 303
  • References 329
  • 16: Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States 331
  • References 350
  • References 350
  • 17: Audi Arabia 353
  • References 365
  • 18: Turkey 367
  • References 388
  • 19: The United Kingdom 391
  • References 410
  • 20: The United States 413
  • References 442
  • References 443
  • 21: Zambia 447
  • References 474
  • Index 477
  • About the Contributors 483
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