International Handbook on Mental Health Policy

By Donna R. Kemp | Go to book overview

17
audi Arabia

Osama M. al-Radi


OVERVIEW

Saudi Arabia is an independent kingdom lying in southwestern Asia. It is bordered on the north by Jordan, Iraq, and Kuwait as well as the Saudi-Iraqi neutral zone, on the west by the Gulf of Arabia and the Red Sea, on the south by Yemen, on the southwest by Oman, and on the east by the Persian Gulf, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates.

The area of Saudi Arabia is 2,149,000 square kilometers. The Arabian peninsula is like a great block of rock, highest in the west and sloping gradually eastward. This pattern is broken in the southeast by the highlands of Oman. Saudi Arabia can be divided into the following land regions: western highlands, Najd plateau, the two main sand areas of Nufud and al-Ruba al-Khali, and the gulf lands. Fauna and flora in Saudi Arabia are limited.

The population is about 13 million according to the 1988 census. Bedouin make up about 20 percent of the population. All of the population speak the Arabic language with slightly different dialects, and all are Muslims, with the majority of the Sunnah sect and a minority of the Shiah sect, living mainly in the eastern region. Arabs are primarily Semitic. Tribal life values are prevalent, though much less so in large population centers like the capital, Riyadh, and the main seaport, Jeddah.

The ruling system in Saudi Arabia is kingship. The law is Islamic Shariah. There is a consultative council and a council of ministers headed by the king. No political parties are allowed.

The oil economy is the most important part of the modern Saudi economy. Agriculture and industry have smaller shares in the present economy, but plans for their development are being executed.

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International Handbook on Mental Health Policy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xi
  • Foreword xv
  • 1: An Overview of Mental Health Policy from an International Perspective 1
  • 2: Argentina 19
  • 3: Canada 45
  • Notes 65
  • References 65
  • 4: Chile 67
  • 5: India 79
  • References 106
  • 6: Israel 109
  • Notes 134
  • Notes 135
  • 7: Italy 139
  • References 154
  • 8: Japan 159
  • Notes 174
  • 9: Korea 177
  • Notes 195
  • 10: The Netherlands 197
  • Notes 215
  • New Zealand 217
  • 12: Nigeria 253
  • Notes 269
  • Pakistan 273
  • Notes 286
  • 14: People's Republic of China 287
  • Notes 300
  • 15: Romania 303
  • References 329
  • 16: Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States 331
  • References 350
  • References 350
  • 17: Audi Arabia 353
  • References 365
  • 18: Turkey 367
  • References 388
  • 19: The United Kingdom 391
  • References 410
  • 20: The United States 413
  • References 442
  • References 443
  • 21: Zambia 447
  • References 474
  • Index 477
  • About the Contributors 483
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