Local Applications of the Ecological Approach to Human-Machine Systems

By Peter Hancock; John Flach et al. | Go to book overview

Chapter 4
Perceptual Support for Timing of the Flare in the Landing of an Aircraft

Jacqueline Grosz1, Th. Rolf Rysdyk2, Reinoud J. Bootsma 3, J. (Bob) A. Mulder2, J. (Hans) C. van der Vaart 2, Piet C. W. van Wieringen1


4.0 Introduction

Of central concern in the ecological approach to perception ( Gibson, 1966, 1979) is the perceptual support of activity. For perception to be useful for the regulation of activity, a sine qua non is that perception provides the perceiver/actor with reliable, and hence veridical, knowledge about the environment and ongoing activities. Many (e.g., Gregory, 1966, 1970; Helmholtz, 1867) have argued that due to the static, two-dimensional nature of the retinal image, the visual system simply cannot provide the required veridical information. Perhaps Gibson's most significant contribution to perceptual science was his insight that this argument rests on the wrong assumption: There is no a priori reason to assume that the visual system operates on static pictures in the form

____________________
1
Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Free University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2
Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
3
UFR STAPS, University of Aix-Marseille II Marseille, France

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