Local Applications of the Ecological Approach to Human-Machine Systems

By Peter Hancock; John Flach et al. | Go to book overview

Chapter 11
The Role of Mental Simulation in Problem Solving and Decision Making

Gary Klein and Beth W. Crandall

Klein Associates Inc. Fairborn, OH


11.0 Introduction

Mental simulation is the process of consciously enacting a sequence of events. Mental simulation plays an important role in phenomena such as problem solving, judgment, decision making, and planning. In this chapter we describe how mental simulation can serve as an important source of power. We also identify some difficulties that can arise when people use mental simulation.

Our own thinking about mental simulation evolved out of a perspective on decision making that emphasizes perceptual- recognitional processes. We developed a Recognition-Primed Decision (RPD) model to account for problem solving and decision making outside of well-defined laboratory tasks. In the following section we describe the RPD model in order to put mental simulation into context. Then we describe similarities and differences between mental simulation and related concepts in cognitive psychology. Next we describe some of the major functions of mental simulation. We present a descriptive model of mental simulation and examine some of the vulnerabilities that arise from its use. Finally, we examine the linkage between mental simulation and ecological psychology.


11.1 The Recognition-Primed Decision Model

We began by studying command-and-control decision making, observing and obtaining protocols from urban fireground commanders (FGCs) in charge of allocating resources and directing personnel. We

-324-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Local Applications of the Ecological Approach to Human-Machine Systems
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 470

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.